the answer to this question is in chapters 7-8
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The Chief Elder goes on to say that the Committee chose him unanimously after years of observation and that they have had no doubts about his selection. Jonas has shown intelligence, integrity, and courage, the latter of which is, as The Receiver continually reminded them, extremely important. She warns Jonas that he will face pain beyond what the rest of the community has experienced or can imagine. The Chief Elder adds that Jonas has the ability to acquire wisdom during his training and finally states that he has the Capacity to See Beyond, which neither she nor the rest of the community has.