Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno and Phaedo Background

Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno and Phaedo Background

The Five Dialogues by Plato (namely, Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, Meno and Phaedo) present Plato’s philosophy vis-à-vis his mentor Socrates. These dialogues can be read as a narration of Socrates’ life and are akin to acts in a drama or chapters of a novel.

The first act or chapter is Euthyphro which builds the introductory foundation of the text. It provides the necessary context and lays the groundwork for further dialogues by informing the readers of the charges that would be rallied against Socrates in the second act/chapter Apology.

The next section consists of the two dialogues Crito and Phaedo which details Socrates’ life in prison. The idea of acceptance of situation is foregrounded in Socrates’ experience. They show how the acceptance itself gives birth to elegance, as opposed to trying to run away from prison, which is desperate and vulgar. Thus, even when the body is contained and constricted, the glory and immortality of soul remains.

And the third section Meno, which is between Crito and Phaedo, problematizes the concepts surrounding knowledge and presents Forms and Recollection theory as the answer for those problems.

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