Dr. Jekyll creates Mr. Hyde to be the dark side of himself. Jekyll needs to keep up his reputation while still being able to blow off steam. Does Stevenson ever actually say that Jekyll created Hyde to keep up his reputation?
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Answered by Aslan
Jekyll wanted to indulge in his dark side unencumbered by his good side. That was his main reason for the transformation. In his letter to Utterson (ch 10) Jekyll does say he wanted to indulge in his dark side while keeping up appearances.