A shady garden alcove created by trees or climbing plants over a wooden framework
A region in the southern US characterized by a history of plantation agriculture and a high percentage of African Americans. The rural communities in this area have historically faced poverty, inadequate education, poor health care, and high levels of crime and unemployment. Definitions of its boundaries vary, but it is generally considered to run through the Deep South, from Louisiana to Georgia.
To board at a succession of different families' homes as part of one's compensation
A person from the northern states who went to the South after the Civil War to profit through politics, through a system in which they could hold office after living in any southern state for just one year
A square opening, common in the south before the Civil War, through which a cat could pass into or out of a cabin or mansion
A supporter of King Charles I during the 17th-century English Civil War
The part of a coalmine where coal is cut from the mountain
The person in a military unit assigned to carry the flag
A term used by former slaves to describe the names they gave themselves, to which they felt "entitled"
The right to vote
A dance among southern blacks, often characterized by whiskey drinking, shooting, and/or cutting with razors
One of a group of people who judge a competition
A term coined by orator and journalist Henry Grady, referring to a modernization of society and a rejection of the slavery-based economy and traditions of the antebellum period
A school for training high school graduates to be teachers. It is intended to establish teaching standards or norms, leading to its name. Most normal schools are now called teachers' colleges.
Sheets or blankets placed on the floor for sleeping
Bands of white men who regulated slave's nighttime conduct, such as keeping them from holding meetings or visiting other plantations without a pass
Political advancement or promotion
A large opening covered with boards to store sweet potatoes during the war
The period after the Civil War (1865-77) during which the southern states were brought back into the Union
A supporter of the Parliament of England during the 17th century English Civil War
A speech used by a politician running for office
To submit or behave obsequiously
A well-known spelling book, first published in 1790, containing the alphabet and syllables, used to teach children to read
Up From Slavery Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for Up From Slavery is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Washington also shares some of his impressions of European culture. It is ironic that Washington, a former slave himself, writes of how he was impressed by the deference shown by servants to their masters and mistresses.
General Armstrong was the leader of the Hampton Institute and one of Washington's most important mentors. He was a northern white man, but he dedicated his life to helping students of both races in the south. Armstrong was well loved and respected...