# Up From Slavery Character List

## Booker T. Washington

Booker T. Washington is the narrator of the book. In the book, he shares his life story, from his early years in slavery to the height of his career as president of the Tuskegee Institute, renowned orator, and spokesman for the black race.

## Washington's mother

Washington's mother was the plantation cook. She had three children: Washington, his older brother John, and his younger sister Amanda. Despite the family's poverty, she also adopted an orphan boy, James. Washington comments about how much his mother supported his education. She somehow procured a Webster spelling book for him to learn his alphabet, and she sewed a cap for him in order to fit in with the children at school. Washington greatly respected her for refusing to go into debt to purchase a store-bought cap, instead solving the problem by making one herself. She passed away during one of his summer breaks while he was studying at the Hampton Institute.

## Washington's stepfather

Washington's stepfather brought the family to West Virginia after Emancipation, where he had procured a cabin and a job in a salt mine. He made Washington and his brother John work in the salt mine as well, even though they were still children. He was far less supportive of his stepson's desire to go to school than Washington's mother, allowing the boy to attend only with the condition that he work many hours before and after classes. Ironically, Washington took his last name from his stepfather's first name (Washington), giving himself this surname when he realized he was supposed to possess two names at school.

## Washington's brother, John

John was very supportive of his younger brother. As a child, he wore Washington's new, uncomfortable flax shirt for a few days to break it in. When Washington wanted to go to the Hampton Institute to further his education, John helped him as much as he could with whatever money he could spare. He worked in the coalmines to support the family while Washington was studying. After graduating, Washington repaid the favor by preparing John to enter Hampton himself, and by saving money to help pay his expenses. John later became Superintendent of Industries at Tuskegee. Both brothers also helped send their adopted brother James to Hampton, which prepared him to become Tuskegee's postmaster.

## Rev. Robert C. Bedford

Reverend Bedford was a white man from Wisconsin who became the pastor of a colored Congregational church in Montgomery, Alabama. He gave the first Thanksgiving service at Tuskegee. Bedford became one of the trustees of the school and maintained his connection for 18 years.

## Mr. Warren Logan

Logan was the treasurer of the Tuskegee Institute for 17 years. He also served as acting principal during Washington's many absences. Like many of his colleagues, he was educated at Hampton.

## Hon. J. L. M. Curry and Mr. Morris K. Jesup

Hon. J. L. M. Curry - general agent for the Slater and Peabody funds.

Mr. Morris K. Jesup - treasurer of the Slater fund - gives not only money but time and thought to elevating the Negro; these two men helped a sum of money be sued to pay the expenses of his wife and Washington to hold a series of meetings among colored people in large centers of Negro population; meetings were attended by both colored and white people; Mrs. Washington would speak with the women; this let them get first-hand information as to the condition of people of the race.

## Hon. Thomas W. Bicknell

Bicknell was the president of the National Educational Association and extended the first invitation Washington received to be a speaker. This first address, in front of around four thousand members of the Educational Association in Madison, WI, paved the way for Washington's famous Atlanta Exposition address.

## Dr. Lyman Abbott

Abbott was the editor of Outlook Magazine, formerly the Christian Union, which later published Up from Slavery in a series of installments. He was the pastor of a church and asked Washington to write a letter for the paper giving his opinion of the condition of colored ministers in the South. Washington's views upset many black ministers, but eventually they led to a demand for better men being placed in the pulpit.

## Miss Margaret James Murray

Murray was Washington's third wife. A native of Mississippi, Murray attended Fisk University in Nashville, TN and was serving as Tuskegee's Lady Principal when she and Washington married in 1893. Other activities included running a mothers' meeting at Tuskegee, doing plantation work with the residents of a settlement connected with a large plantation near town, and running a woman's club.

## Mr. Francis J. Garrison

Mr. Garrison was a supporter of Washington from Boston. He helped raise the money to send Washington and his wife to Europe for a few months to enjoy his first vacation in 18 years. Garrison also made plans for the two to visit a number of important people in England and France.