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Written by Anastasia Melnyk
Toby dog (Symbol)
Except Doctor Watson, Sherlock Holmes has another helper. It is a dog- English bulldog Toby. This sensible animal always helps Sherlock to find criminals and move in the wake. And despite of the fact that it isn’t his own dog, this animal nevertheless remains faithful to Sherlock. The author affirms that Toby is a symbol of devotedness and faithfulness.
Sherlock Holmes has an unhealthy habit. He often uses drugs, but he doesn’t deny that it has fatal consequences. Sherlock uses it only in the absence of interesting crimes. As he says: “My brains rebels against the idleness”. Yes, maybe one may think that it is stupid, but it saves his from the mental illness. Drugs symbolize the avoidance from depression and “death”.
Investigation, uselessness of wealth (Motif)
As “The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes”, “The sign of four” has the same motif- investigation. Sherlock Holmes and Doctor Watson have a hard work, which is connected with the mysticism and lost people or things. Here Sherlock tries to solve the disappearance of Mary’s father. And at the same time the author shows the role of wealth in life. The Agra treasure has a bad influence on people who try to possess it. In brief, the author proves that money alone does not make one happy.
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