The Ramayana

Notes

  1. ^ a b Datta, Amaresh (1 January 2006). "The encyclopaedia of Indian literature (volume two) (devraj to Jyoti)". ISBN 978-81-260-1194-0. 
  2. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000,"vinoth" p.Xiii.
  3. ^ Dutt 2004, p.198.
  4. ^ Brockington 2003
  5. ^ Prabhavananda 1979, p.81
  6. ^ Goldman 1990, p. 29.
  7. ^ History of Ancient India: Earliest Times to 1000 A. D., Radhey Shyam Chaurasiya p. 38: "the Kernel of the Ramayana was composed before 500 B.C. while the more recent portion were not probably added till the 2nd century B.C. and later."
  8. ^ Goldman 1990, p. 45.
  9. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000,p.Xxi.
  10. ^ Goldman 1990, p. 4-6, 83.
  11. ^ a b c d Sundararajan 1989, p. 106
  12. ^ Goldman 1990, p. 4-6.
  13. ^ Dutt 2004, p. 191.
  14. ^ Raghunathan,n. (trans.),Srimad Valmiki Ramayana.
  15. ^ Arya, R.P. (ed.),Ramayan of valmiki.
  16. ^ Goldman, Robert p.,The Ramayana of Valmiki:an epic of ancient India p. 23.
  17. ^ M. Witzel, The Vedas and the epics: some comparative notes on persons, lineages, geography, and grammar. In: P. Koskikallio (ed.) Epics, Khilas and Puranas: Continuities and Ruptures. Proceedings of the third dubrovnik international conference on the Sanskrit epics and puranas. September 2002. Zagreb: Croatian Academy of Sciences and the Arts 2005:21–80.
  18. ^ Indian wisdom Or examples of the religious, philosophical, and ethical doctrines of the Hindus, by Monier Williams, published 2006.
  19. ^ Valmiki Ramayana shlok's No.8, 9, 10
  20. ^ Source:Bhatnagar,pushkar:dating the era of lord Ram, quoted on page 43, in book 'Rama setu' symbol of national unity, by Dr. Subramanian swamy.
  21. ^ In the Vedas sita means furrow relating to a goddess of agriculture. – S.S.S.N.Murty, a note on the Ramayana.
  22. ^ Goldman, Robert P.,The Ramayana of Valmiki:an epic of ancient India. P 24
  23. ^ [1]
  24. ^ Goldman, Robert P.,The Ramayana of Valmiki:an epic of ancient India. P.15-16
  25. ^ Goldman,Robert p.,The Ramayana of Valmiki:an epic of ancient India p.28
  26. ^ See Sankalia, H.D., Ramayana: myth or reality, New Delhi,1963
  27. ^ Basham, A.L.,The Wonder that was India, London,1956, p. 303.
  28. ^ a b c d e f g Keshavadas 1988, p.23
  29. ^ a b c d Menon, Ramesh (2003).The Ramayana-A modern retelling of the great Indian Epic.North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-695-0
  30. ^ Keshavadas 1988, p.27
  31. ^ Keshavadas 1988, p.29
  32. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000, p.16
  33. ^ Goldman 1990, p.7 "These sons [...] are infused with varying portions of the essence of the great lord Vishnu who has agreed to be born as a man in order to destroy a violent and otherwise invincible demon, the mighty Rakshasa Ravana who has been oppressing the gods, for by the terms of a boon that he has received, the demon can be destroyed only by a mortal."
  34. ^ a b Goldman 1990, p.7
  35. ^ Bhattacharji 1998, p.73
  36. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000, pp.60–61
  37. ^ Prabhavananda 1979, p.82
  38. ^ a b Goldman 1990, p.8
  39. ^ Brockington 2003, p.117
  40. ^ Keshavadas 1988, pp.69–70
  41. ^ a b c Prabhavananda 1979, p.83
  42. ^ a b Goldman 1990, p.9
  43. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000, p.166-168
  44. ^ Keshavadas 1988, pp.112–115
  45. ^ Keshavadas 1988, pp.121–123
  46. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000, p.183-184
  47. ^ a b c d Goldman 1990, p.10
  48. ^ Buck & van Nooten 2000, p.197
  49. ^ a b Goldman 1994, p.4
  50. ^ Kishore 1995, pp.84–88
  51. ^ Goldman 1996, p. 3
  52. ^ Goldman 1996, p. 4
  53. ^ a b Goldman 1990, pp. 11–12
  54. ^ a b Prabhavananda 1979, p.84
  55. ^ Rajagopal, Arvind (2001). Politics after television. Cambridge University Press. pp. 114–115. ISBN 978-0-521-64839-4. 
  56. ^ a b Goldman 1990, p.13
  57. ^ Dutt 2002, "Aswa-medha." p.146
  58. ^ a b c "A different song.". The Hindu. 12 August 2005. Retrieved 21 May 2009. 
  59. ^ Fallon 2009
  60. ^ Saikia, Nagen (1997) "Medieval Assamese Literature" in Medieval Indian Literature (ed.Paniker,K.Ayyappa) pp=6–7.
  61. ^ Romila Thapar. (17 February 2010). "Ramayana version's reflect different period perspectives.". The hindu. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  62. ^ Page 1037, line 5, Guru Nanak.
  63. ^ Roy, Ashim kumar. (1984). A history of the jainas. New Delhi: Gitanjali Pub. House. p. 20. OCLC 11604851. 
  64. ^ Jaini, Padmanabh (2000). Collected papers on Jaina studies. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 81-208-1691-9.  p. 377
  65. ^ Jaini, Padmanabh (1998). The jaina path of purification. New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 81-208-1578-5.  p.305
  66. ^ Jaini, Padmanabh (2000). Collected paper's on jaina studies. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN 81-208-1691-9.  p. 359
  67. ^ Mansi choksi & hemali chhapia. (3 July 2010). "Now,meet ravan the saint.". The Times of India. Retrieved 6 July 2010. 
  68. ^ Roy, Ashim kumar. (1984). A history of the jaina's. New Delhi: Gitanjali Pub. House. pp. 20–21. OCLC 11604851. 
  69. ^ Helen, Johnson (2009) [1931]. Muni samvegayashvijay maharaj., ed. Trisastiśalākāpurusacaritra of hemacandra:the jain saga. (in English. Trans. From Prakrit). Part II. Baroda: Oriental Institute. ISBN 978-81-908157-0-3.  CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) refer story of Munisuvrata
  70. ^ Goldman 1990, p. 83.
  71. ^ Rohman 2009, p. 434.
  72. ^ "Significance of Bhanu Jayanti". Nepalibyets.com. Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  73. ^ Effect of Ramayana on various cultures And civilisation's. P. ?
  74. ^ "Ramayana!". 
  75. ^ Jha, Ritu (July 8, 2011). "California school celebrates Ramayan for 33 years". rediff News,. rediff.com. Retrieved Aug 3, 2014. 
  76. ^ Shashi Tharoor. "Epic Interpretations". 

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