The Jungle Book is a collection of stories or fables written by Rudyard Kipling, published in 1894. In this collection of stories, Kipling employs anthropomorphism, which is the attribution of human-like emotions, incentives and traits to non-human entities. Through the various plotlines and characters, Kipling is able to convey a moral meaning at the end of every story. The most famous stories from The Jungle Book include the three stories revolving around the adventures of Mowgli, an abandoned "man cub" who is raised by wolves in the Indian jungle. The other famous stories are "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi", the story of a heroic mongoose who saves a human by killing a dangerous snake, and "Toomai of the Elephants", the tale of a young elephant-handler. As with much of Kipling's work, each of the stories is followed by a poem that serves as an epigram.
Kipling was a British man born in India. He resided in India for a few years before going to England for his education. His stories have been greatly influenced by his years in India. In The Jungle Book, he employs various names and phrases popularly used in the Indian subcontinent, such as “Bagheera” which is a Hindi/Urdu word that translates to black panther, Mowgli, Shere Khan, Akela and Haathi to name a few.
The Jungle Book is one extremely popular book which has been adapted into various films, the most recent one being released in 2016, directed by Jon Favreau. It has been adapted into comic books The book's text has often been edited or adapted for younger readers, and there have been several comic book adaptations by Marvel Comics- Marvel Illustrated: The Jungle Book, The DC Comics- Superman: The Feral Man of Steel alludes to the Jungle Book stories and Bill Willingham's comic book series Fables features the Jungle Book's Mowgli, Bagheera and Shere Khan.