What does The Jungle Book teach us about the importance of rules?
One of the first things that Baloo teaches Mowgli is the importance of adhering to Jungle Law. These laws and rules are for the good of everyone and not biased in favor of one group and following these rules is imperative for one's personal safety. A good example of this is when Hathi the elephant declares a Water Truce during a time of severe drought. During a Water Truce, every creature may drink openly from the remaining source of flowing water without fear of being attacked or hunted. This unites everyone with a common cause (finding water) and makes sure that the available water site does not become a de facto hunting ground. Therefore in this way rules and laws are important for safety and survival.
How is Mowgli able to earn the respect of the wolves who had turned against him?
When some of the younger wolves and those new to the pack turn against Mowgli it is not because of his actions but because they have heard stories and lies about him circulated by Shere Khan in an effort to get those wolves to help him catch Mowgli. When Mowgli leaves the jungle as a result, it is to protect Akela, the Lone Wolf, which demonstrates his noble character and loyalty to his family (and also keeps jungle law which automatically keeps fate on his side). The highlighting of his good character as well as his skill in creating a strategy for killing Shere Khan makes the wolves who went against him realize that he is by far the strongest fighter and the one it would be better to be aligned with in a battle situation. Knowing that he has killed the mighty tiger also makes them fearful of him which definitely brings them back into line.
What does Mowgli learn from each of his teachers that makes him into the young man he becomes?
From Mother and Father Wolf, Mowgli learns family loyalty and love. He also learns the importance of being prepared to fight to the death in defense of family.
From Baloo, he learns the Jungle Law and specifically the things that will keep him alive, specifically telling a potentially threatening creature that they are of the same blood which is an animal way of saying that he comes in peace. He also learns to love and respect jungle customs.
Bagheera teaches him how to become a hunter and reminds him that hunting is for food, not for sport. He also teaches Mowgli how to be patient and not to rush into situations without proper consideration which holds him in good stead for his battle with Shere Khan.
Kaa teaches Mowgli about standing up for those you love and the importance of teamwork, which they demonstrated during their fight with the red dogs.
Akela is the pack elder to whom Mowgli owes his life and he teaches the man cub everything a wolf needs to know in order to be a leader. He also teaches him that one day he will return to man which Mowgli does not believe but which turns out to be true.
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