Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 7 - Periodic Properties of the Elements - Exercises: 7.35b

Answer

$S^{2-}$ is larger than $O^{2-}$ since $S$ is below $O$ in the periodic table and ionic radii increase as we move from top to bottom across a column.

Work Step by Step

Across a column in the periodic table, for ions having the same charge, ionic radii increase as we move from top to bottom, due to the increasing values of $n$, meaning there are more and more orbitals available for electron occupying that are further and further from the nucleus. In the periodic table, $S$ is below $O$ and they are in the same column. That means $S^{2-}$ is larger than $O^{2-}$ according to the above trend.
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