Elementary and Intermediate Algebra: Concepts & Applications (6th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-32184-874-8
ISBN 13: 978-0-32184-874-1

Chapter 5 - Polynomials and Factoring - 5.3 Factoring Trinomials of the Type ax2+bx+c - 5.3 Exercise Set: 20

Answer

$-(4-3x)(5-4x)$

Work Step by Step

Using the factoring of trinomials in the form $ax^2+bx+c,$ the $\text{ expression }$ \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} -20+31x-12x^2 \end{array} has $ac= -20(-12)=240 $ and $b= 31 .$ The two numbers with a product of $c$ and a sum of $b$ are $\left\{ 15,16 \right\}.$ Using these $2$ numbers to decompose the middle term of the trinomial expression above results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} -20+15x+16x-12x^2 .\end{array} Grouping the first and second terms and the third and fourth terms, the given expression is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (-20+15x)+(16x-12x^2) .\end{array} Factoring the $GCF$ in each group results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} -5(4-3x)+4x(4-3x) .\end{array} Factoring the $GCF= (4-3x) $ of the entire expression above results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (4-3x)(-5+4x) \\\\= -(4-3x)(5-4x) .\end{array}
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