Les Miserables

References

  1. ^ Novelist Susanne Alleyn has argued that "the phrase “les misérables,” which has a whole range of subtly shaded meanings in French, is much better translated into English as “the dispossessed” or even as “the outsiders” — which can describe every major character in the novel in one way or another — than simply as “the miserable ones” / “the wretched ones.” No, It’s Not Actually the French Revolution: Les Misérables and History.
  2. ^ "BBC News – Bon anniversaire! 25 facts about Les Mis". BBC Online. 1 October 2010. Retrieved 1 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Sinclair, Upton (1915). The Cry for Justice: An Anthology of the Literature of Social Protest. Charles Rivers Editors. ISBN 978-1-247-96345-7. 
  4. ^ Alexander Welsh, "Opening and Closing Les Misérables", in Harold Bloom, ed., Victor Hugo: Modern Critical Views (NY: Chelsea House, 1988), 155; Vol. 5, Book 1, Chapter 20
  5. ^ "Read the Ten Longest Novels Ever Written". Amazon.com. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Les Miserables – Books by Victor Hugo". Penguin Group (USA). 3 March 1987. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Hugo : Les Misérables: Amazon.fr: Victor Hugo, Maurice Allem: Livres". Amazon.fr. Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Les Misérables – poche – Fnac.com – Victor Hugo – Livre ou ebook". Livre.fnac.com. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Les Misérables – poche – Fnac.com – Victor Hugo – Livre ou ebook". Livre.fnac.com. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  10. ^ Behr, Complete Book, 39-42
  11. ^ A. F. Davidson, Victor Hugo His Life And Work (J.B. Lippincott, 1929), Kindle Location 4026, 4189
  12. ^ Victor Brombert, "Les Misérables: Salvation from Below," in Harold Bloom, ed., Modern Critical Views: Victor Hugo (Chelsea House, 1988), 195
  13. ^ Brombert, "Salvation from Below," 195-7
  14. ^ Alexander Welsh, "Opening and Closing Les Misérables," in Harold Bloom, ed., Modern Critical Views: Victor Hugo (Chelsea House, 1988), 151-2
  15. ^ Morton, James (2004). The First Detective: The Life and Revolutionary Times of Vidocq, Criminal, Spy and Private Eye. NY: Overlook Press. pp. ??. 
  16. ^ Edward Behr, The Complete Book of Les Miserables (Arcade, 1993), 29
  17. ^ Victor Hugo, Things Seen, vol. 1 (Glasgow and NY: George Routledge and Sons, 1887), 49–52. The chapter is title "1841. Origin of Fantine". Behr quotes this passage at length in Behr, Complete Book, 32-6.
  18. ^ Victor Hugo, Choses vues: nouvelle série (Paris: Calman Lévy, 1900), 129–30
  19. ^ Behr, Complete Book, 29-30
  20. ^ Behr, Complete Book, 32
  21. ^ Robb, Graham (1997). Victor Hugo: A Biography. NY: W.W. Norton. pp. 173–4. 
  22. ^ Robb, Graham (1997). Victor Hugo: A Biography. NY: W.W. Norton. pp. 273–6. 
  23. ^ Victor Brombert, "Les Misérables: Salvation from Below", in Harold Bloom, ed., Victor Hugo: Modern Critical Views (NY: Chelsea House, 1988), 198–9; Vol. 2, Book 1, Chapter 1
  24. ^ "Personalities.". New York Times. 10 April 1860. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  25. ^ Behr, Compete Book, 38
  26. ^ La réception des Misérables en 1862 – Max Bach – PMLA, Vol. 77, No. 5 (December 1962)
  27. ^ "les miserables, victor hugo, First Edition, 1862". ABE Books. Retrieved 21 January 2013. 
  28. ^ PDF)
  29. ^ dealCOM, webmaster@dealcom.com. "Publications et écrit – CULTURESFRANCE". Adpf.asso.fr. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  30. ^ Letter of G. Flaubert to Madame Roger des Genettes – July 1862
  31. ^ Hyslop, Lois Bee (October 1976). "Baudelaire on Les Misérables". The French Review 41 (1): 23–9. 
  32. ^ Réception des Misérables en Grèce by Marguerite Yourcenar
  33. ^ Réception des Misérables au Portugal
  34. ^ Victor Hugo at Encyclopædia Britannica (accessed 29 November 2012)
  35. ^ a b c Moore, Olin H. (March 1959). "Some Translations of Les Miserables". Modern Language Notes 74 (3): 240–6. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  36. ^ "Les Misérables by Victor Hugo – Project Gutenberg". Gutenberg.org. 22 June 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2009. 
  37. ^ Radio Programs Scheduled for this Week, The New York Times, 25 July 1937
  38. ^ Les Misérables at the Internet Movie Database
  39. ^ Behr, Edward (1989). The Complete Book of Les Misérables. NY: Arcade. pp. 152–3. 
  40. ^ The Broadway League. "The official source for Broadway Information". IBDB. Retrieved 31 December 2012. 
  41. ^ Les Misérables at the Internet Movie Database
  42. ^ Les Misérables at the Internet Movie Database
  43. ^ Les Misérables at the Internet Movie Database
  44. ^ http://www.animenewsnetwork.com/news/2013-07-13/cirque-du-freak-arai-launches-manga-adaptation-of-les-miserables-novel
  45. ^ Riding, Alan (29 May 2001). "Victor Hugo Can't Rest in Peace, As a Sequel Makes Trouble". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  46. ^ "Les Misérables: la suite rejugée en appel". Le nouvel observateur. 30 January 2007. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  47. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence (1 February 2007). "French Court Says Yes to Misérables Sequels". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 January 2013. 

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