The Question and Answer section for Angela’s Ashes is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
The Irish had a negative attitude toward the British and desired their independence. Tariffs and other economic acts that hurt the Irish economy and benefited the English were a major cause for dissent.
It means that people are starving. Bread represents all food.
That means father is getting paid by the factory: there will be money for food and small treats like sweets and going to the cinema, Friday is payday and Mam is out of the bed early, cleaning thehouse and singing.