A Christmas Carol

References

Footnotes
  1. ^ a b "The Dickens Project". University of California, Santa Cruz. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Kelly 10
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Kelly 12
  4. ^ a b c d Douglas-Fairhurst xxiv
  5. ^ a b c d e Douglas-Fairhurst viii
  6. ^ Kelly 11
  7. ^ Hearn xiv
  8. ^ a b Forbes, Bruce David (1 October 2008). Christmas: A Candid History. University of California Press. p. 62. ISBN 9780520258020. What Dickens did advocate in his story was "the spirit of Christmas." Sociologist James Barnett has described it as Dickens's "Carol Philosophy," which "combined religious and secular attitudes toward to celebration into a humanitarian pattern. It excoriated individual selfishness and extolled the virtues of brotherhood, kindness, and generosity at Christmas. . . .Dickens preached that at Christmas men should forget self and think of others, especially the poor and the unfortunate." The message was one that both religious and secular people could endorse. 
  9. ^ a b c d Kelly 15
  10. ^ a b Douglas-Fairhurst xvi
  11. ^ Robert McNamara. "A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens". About
  12. ^ "Christmas – Old Christmas – Washington Irving (1783–1859)". 
  13. ^ a b c d Douglas-Fairhurst xiii
  14. ^ Kelly 14
  15. ^ a b Andrews, Dale (20 December 2011). "Dickens' A Christmas Carol". Literary History. Washington: SleuthSayers. 
  16. ^ Hearn xxxii
  17. ^ a b c Glancy x
  18. ^ a b c Ledger 119
  19. ^ Hearn xxxiii
  20. ^ Hearn xxxiv
  21. ^ a b Restad 137
  22. ^ a b c d Kelly 19
  23. ^ Slater xvi
  24. ^ a b Ledger 117
  25. ^ lisala (20 December 2010). "Dickens' A Christmas Carol and the Question of Turkey or Goose". Real Book. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  26. ^ a b Slater 43
  27. ^ a b c d e Douglas-Fairhurst xix
  28. ^ a b c Kelly 17
  29. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xx,xvii
  30. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xxxi
  31. ^ Varese, Jon Michael (22 December 2009). "Why A Christmas Carol was a flop for Dickens". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  32. ^ Jaques, Edward Tyrrell (1914). Charles Dickens in chancery: being an account of his proceedings in respect of the "Christmas carol". Longmans, Green and Co. p. 5. Retrieved 16 December 2011. 
  33. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xxx
  34. ^ Hearn cv,cvi
  35. ^ a b c d Douglas-Fairhurst xx
  36. ^ Glancy 17
  37. ^ a b c Kelly 18
  38. ^ a b Glancy xii
  39. ^ Hearn lvii
  40. ^ Glancy xi
  41. ^ Restad 136
  42. ^ Restad 136–7
  43. ^ Restad 138
  44. ^ a b Restad 139
  45. ^ Restad 166,169
  46. ^ Slater 44
  47. ^ Standiford 168
  48. ^ Standiford 169
  49. ^ Nissenbaum 124
  50. ^ "BFI Screenonline: Scrooge, or, Marley's Ghost (1901)". 
  51. ^ Kelly 28
  52. ^ Standiford 171–3
  53. ^ a b Douglas-Fairhurst xxi
  54. ^ a b c Douglas-Fairhurst xxii
  55. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xxiii
  56. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xxvi
  57. ^ Douglas-Fairhurst xxvii
  58. ^ a b c Douglas-Fairhurst xxviii
  59. ^ Slater 1971 xiv
  60. ^ "a Moore, Grace (2011). Text Guide on Charles Dickens' A Christmas Carol. Insight Publications. p. 57. ISBN 1-921411-91-0. 
  61. ^ Stephen Skelton, A Christmas Carol: Special Church Edition (2007); interview: Skelton, Stephen. "Reclaiming 'A Christmas Carol'". CBN. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  62. ^ Cochrane 126
  63. ^ Standiford 183
  64. ^ Glancy xii–xiii
  65. ^ Glancy xiii
  66. ^ Hutton, Ronald (15 February 2001). Stations of the Sun: A History of the Ritual Year in Britain. Oxford University Press. p. 113. ISBN 9780191578427. 
  67. ^ Kelly 9,12
  68. ^ Ronald Hutton Stations of the Sun: The Ritual Year in England. 1996. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 113. ISBN 0-19-285448-8.
  69. ^ Callow, 39
  70. ^ Kelly, 9–10
Works cited
  • Callow, Simon (2009). Dickens' Christmas: A Victorian Celebration. frances lincoln ltd. ISBN 978-0-7112-3031-6. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  • Cochrane, Robertson (1996), Wordplay: origins, meanings, and usage of the English language, University of Toronto Press, p. 126, ISBN 0-8020-7752-8 
  • Dickens, Charles; Douglas-Fairhurst, Robert (ed.) (2006), A Christmas Carol and other Christmas Books, Oxford: Oxford University Press 
  • Dickens, Charles; Glancy, Ruth (1998) [1988], Christmas Books, Oxford World Classics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-283435-5 
  • Dickens, Charles; Hearn, Michael Patrick (ed.) (2004), The Annotated Christmas Carol, W. W. Norton and Co., ISBN 0-393-05158-7 
  • Dickens, Charles; Kelly, Richard Michael (ed.) (2003), A Christmas Carol, Broadview Literary Texts, New York: Broadview Press 
  • Dickens, Charles; Slater, Michael (1971), The Christmas Books, New York: Penguin 
  • Glancy, Ruth F. (1985), Dickens' Christmas Books, Christmas Stories, and Other Short Fiction, Michigan: Garland, ISBN 0-8240-8988-X 
  • Hutton, Ronald (1996), Stations of the Sun: The Ritual Year in England, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-285448-8 
  • Kelly, Richard Michael, ed. (2003). A Christmas Carol. Broadway Press. ISBN 978-1-55111-476-7. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  • Ledger, Sally (2007), Dickens and the Popular Radical Imagination, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-84577-9 
  • Nissenbaum, Stephen (1996), The Battle for Christmas, New York: Vintage Books (Random House), ISBN 0-679-74038-4 
  • Rowell, Geoffrey (December 1993), Dickens and the Construction of Christmas, History Today, 43:12 
  • Restad, Penne L. (1995), Christmas in America: a History, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-510980-5 
  • Slater, Michael (2007), Charles Dickens, Oxford: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-921352-8 
  • Standiford, Les (2008), The Man Who Invented Christmas: How Charles Dickens's A Christmas Carol Rescued His Career and Revived Our Holiday Spirits, New York: Crown, ISBN 978-0-307-40578-4 

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