Wit (also styled as W;t) is a one-act play written by American playwright Margaret Edson, which won the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. Edson used her work experience in a hospital as part of the inspiration for her play.Productions
Wit received its world premiere at South Coast Repertory (SCR), Costa Mesa, California, in 1995. Edson had sent the play to many theatres, with SCR dramaturg Jerry Patch seeing its potential. He gave it to artistic director Martin Benson, who worked with Edson to ready the play for production. It was given a reading at NewSCRipts, and a full production was then scheduled for January 1995.
Long Wharf Theater in New Haven, Connecticut subsequently staged the play in November 1997, with Kathleen Chalfant in the lead role of Vivian Bearing. The play received its first New York City production Off-Broadway in September 1998, at the MCC Theater (MCC), with Chalfant reprising her role as Vivian Bearing and direction by Derek Anson Jones. The play closed on October 4, 1998. An excerpt from the play was published in the New York Times in September 1998. Chalfant received strong praise for her performance. She also incorporated her own life experience into her work on the play, including the final illness and death of her brother Alan Palmer from cancer.
The play moved to the Off-Broadway Union Square Theater in December 1998, after its successful initial run at the MCC. The lighting design for this production was by Michael Chybowski, the set design by Myung Hee Cho, the costume design by Ilona Somogyi, and the sound design and original music was by David Van Tieghem. The production closed on April 9, 2000 after 545 performances.,
The Manhattan Theatre Club presented the Broadway premiere at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre in a three-month run, starting in January 2012 and closing on March 17, 2012. The production starred Cynthia Nixon and was directed by Lynne Meadow. The set design was by Santo Loquasto, costume design was by Jennifer von Mayrhauser, lighting design was by Peter Kaczorowski.
On the cover of the published book of the play, the use of a semicolon in place of the letter i gives W;t as one representation of the play's title. In the context of the play, the semicolon refers to the recurring theme of the use of a semicolon versus a comma in one of John Donne's Holy Sonnets. Both Wit and W;t have been used in various articles on the play for the title.
Elizabeth Klaver has discussed in detail the philosophical issues of "mind vs body" in the context of Wit.Synopsis
The action of the play takes place during the final hours of Dr Vivian Bearing, a university professor of English, dying of ovarian cancer. She recalls the initial diagnosis of Stage IV metastatic ovarian cancer from her oncologist, Dr Harvey Kelekian. Dr Kelekian then proposes an experimental chemotherapeutic treatment regimen consisting of eight rounds at full dosage. Vivian agrees to the treatment.
Over the course of the play, Vivian reflects on her life through the intricacies of the English language, especially the use of wit in the metaphysical poetry of John Donne. Throughout the play, she recites Donne's Holy Sonnet X, "Death Be Not Proud," while reflecting upon her condition. (In the revised edition of John Donne's Holy Sonnets, "If Poysonous Mineralls" and "Death Be Not Proud" are sonnets IX and X, respectively.) As a professor, she has a reputation for rigorous teaching methods. She has lived her life alone, is unmarried and without children, her parents are deceased, and she has no emergency contact.
Vivian recalls undergoing tests by various medical technicians and being the subject of grand rounds. She remembers sharing a love of language and books with her father. She flashes back to her experiences as a student of Dr E. M. Ashford, an expert on John Donne. Bearing later finds herself under the care of Dr Jason Posner, an oncology research fellow who has taken her class on John Donne. At the hospital, she recognizes that doctors are interested in her for her research value and, like her, tend to ignore humanity in favor of knowledge. Gradually, she realizes that she would prefer kindness to intellectualism.
Vivian reaches the end stage in extreme pain as Susie Monahan, a nurse at the medical centre, offers Vivian compassion and discusses with her the option of exercising her final option, "do not resuscitate" (DNR), in case of a severe decline in her condition. Vivian decides to mark the DNR option. Dr Ashford, in town for her great-grandson's birthday, visits the hospital after learning of Vivian's cancer. She comforts her and offers to read a Donne sonnet, but Vivian, scarcely conscious, declines. Instead, Ashford reads from Margaret Wise Brown's The Runaway Bunny, which she had bought for her great-grandson. Dr Ashford disappears from the script without any exit.
When Vivian flatlines, Jason tries to resuscitate her, and calls in a medical team to administer CPR. Susie tries to stop him, pointing out the DNR instruction. Jason eventually realizes his mistake and calls for the CPR team to stop. The play ends as Vivian, unclothed after her death, walks from her hospital bed "toward a little light".Characters
- Vivian Bearing, PhD – 50 years old, a professor of seventeenth-century poetry at the university, diagnosed with stage IV, metastatic ovarian cancer
- Harvey Kelekian, MD – 50 years old, chief of medical oncology at the University Hospital
- Jason Posner, MD – 28 years old, a clinical fellow at the Medical Oncology branch; former student of Dr Bearing, current student of Dr. Kelekian.
- Susie Monahan, RN, BSN – 28 years old, Dr Bearing's primary nurse
- Dr E M Ashford, PhD – 80 years old, professor emerita of English literature; Vivian's former college professor
- Mr Bearing, Vivian's father
- Assorted lab technicians and students
|Role||Off-Broadway Premiere Cast, September 17, 1998 New York City, MCC Theater, Chelsea|
|Vivian Bearing, PhD||Kathleen Chalfant|
|Harvey Kelekian, MD||Walter Charles|
|Dr Jason Posner||Alec Phoenix|
|Susie Monahan||Paula Pizzi|
|E. M. Ashford||Helen Stenborg|
|Laboratory technicians and students||Brian J. Carter, Daniel Sarnelli, Alli Steinberg, Lisa Tharps|
|Mr. Bearing||Walter Charles|
Wit won the 1999 Pulitzer Prize for Drama. The play also received the "Best New Play" award for 1999 from the New York Drama Critics' Circle. Because the play did not receive a production at a Broadway theatre, Wit was not eligible for the Tony Awards at that time. Chalfant received an award from the Village Voice Obies for her performance.
The 2012 Broadway production was nominated for the Tony Award, Best Revival of a Play, and Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role in a Play (Cynthia Nixon).Adaptations
In 2001, the play was adapted into an Emmy Award-winning cable television film, directed by Mike Nichols with Emma Thompson as Vivian Bearing.References
- ^ a b Peter Marks (18 September 1998). "Science and Poetry Face Death in a Hospital Room". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Kevin Sack (10 November 1998). "At Lunch With Margaret Edson; Colors, Numbers, Letters and John Donne". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Vincent Canby (18 October 1998). "Battered and Broken, So That She May Rise". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Manus, Willard. "Wit's 1999 Pulitzer Also Helps South Coast Rep" Playbill, April 19, 1999
- ^ Alvin Klein (16 November 1997). "Dauntless Spirit, Life of the Mind". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Peter Marks (28 November 1997). "For a Scholar Near Death, A Dose of Deconstruction". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Gutman, Les. "Review. 'Wit' at MCC" curtainup.com, September 18, 1998
- ^ Margaret Edson (26 September 1998). "Think Tank: About Life, Death and the Pause That Separates Them (excerpt from Wit)". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Robin Pogrebin (20 October 1998). "A Brother's Death Helps Bring a Performance to Life". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Alvin Klein (20 December 1998). "Offstage Drama Of Wit Goes On". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ "'Wit' at Union Square" lortel.org, accessed November 6, 2015
- ^ Jones, Kenneth.Wit Will Have Less Brevity; MTC Adds One Week to Acclaimed Revival" Playbill.com, February 15, 2012
- ^ http://mtc-nyc.org/ Broadway premiere of Wit
- ^ Brantley, Ben (26 January 2012). "Artifice as Armor in a Duel With Death". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
- ^ Klaver, Elizabeth (Winter 2004). "A Mind-Body-Flesh Problem: The Case of Margaret Edson's Wit". Contemporary Literature. 45 (4): 659–683. doi:10.1353/cli.2005.0007. JSTOR 3593545.
- ^ Alex Kuczynski (13 April 1999). "Teacher Turned Playwright Is Among the Winners of 22 Pulitzer Prizes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ "Critics Name Wit as Best New Play". The New York Times. 5 May 1999. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Alvin Klein (18 April 1999). "Now Wit Belongs To the World". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
- ^ Gans, Andrew.Broadway's Big Night! Neil Patrick Harris Hosts 66th Annual Tony Awards June 10" Archived 2012-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. Playbill.com, June 10, 2012
- Wit at the Internet Broadway Database
- Wit at the Internet Off-Broadway Database (Union Square Theatre)
- Wit at the Internet Off-Broadway Database (MCC Theater)
- Wit on PlaybillVault.com
- Wendy Guida, "The Village Voice Obies" (18 May 1999). TalkinBroadway.org web page, Off Broadway article
- New Theatre, Sydney Production June 2010