The Threepenny Opera



  1. ^ The word "threepenny" refers to a coin in Britain's pre-decimal currency; the musical's title in its English-language translation reflects the common pronunciation of that coin ("THREP-penny"). The coin was discontinued in 1971 after the decimalization of sterling.
  2. ^ In an acknowledgement of the earlier work, Weill sets his opening number, Morgenchoral des Peachum, to the music used by composer Pepusch in Gay's original.
  3. ^ Chamberlain, Jane H. ([northern] Summer 2009). "Threepenny Politics in Translation" (PDF). ATA Source (45): 20–31. Newsletter of the literary division of the American Translators Association.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  4. ^ "Threepenny Opera: The Music"
  5. ^ Pet Shop Boys: Alternative, disc 2, track 8
  6. ^ Von Eckardt, Wolf; Gilman, Sander (1975). Bertolt Brecht's Berlin. ISBN 9780385055017. 
  7. ^ Kurt Weill, Lotte Lenya, Speak Low (When You Speak Love): The Letters of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya, p. 159
  8. ^ Stephen Hinton ed, The Threepenny Opera
  9. ^ Bertolt Brecht, The Theatre of Bertolt Brecht
  10. ^ Philip Reed, On Mahler and Britten: Essays in Honour of Donald Mitchell on His Seventieth
  11. ^ Suskin, Steven. "On the Record: Ernest In Love, Marco Polo, Puppets and Maury Yeston",, August 10, 2003.
  12. ^ Threepenny on Broadway official site
  13. ^ Feingold, Michael. "The Threepenny Opera Enters the Dead Zone: Robert Wilson whips out his embalming fluid at BAM", The Village Voice, October 12, 2011
  14. ^ Sommer, Elyse. A CurtainUp Berkshire Review: 'The Three Penny Opera'", June 28, 2003
  15. ^ Portantiere, Michael. "Berkshires Review:'The Threepenny Opera'", June 30, 2003
  16. ^ Brantley, Ben. "The Fine Art Of Slumming It"New York Times, July 4, 2003
  17. ^ Melbourne production
  18. ^ Sydney Theatre Company. "The Threepenny Opera". Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  19. ^ Piccolo Teatro di Milano accessed 27 June 2015.
  20. ^ Piccolo Teatro di Milano accessed 27 June 2015.
  21. ^ Amadeus Almanac 31 August 1928, accessed 16 October 2009
  22. ^ Die Dreigroschenoper (1962) at the Internet Movie Database
  23. ^ Mack the Knife (1989) at the Internet Movie Database
  24. ^ "Serkis, Cave plan motion-capture Opera" by Mike Goodridge, (15 February 2010)


  • Amadeus Almanac (31 August 1928), accessed 6 January 2009
  • Brockett, Oscar G. and Hildy, Franklin J., History of The Theatre, Allyn and Bacon, 2002 (9th Edition), ISBN 0-205-35878-0
  • Haas, Michael and Uekermann, Gerd: Zu unserer Aufnahme, Booklet accompanying the 1988 recording, Decca Record Company Limited London, 430-075.
  • Hinton, S.: Kurt Weill: The Threepenny Opera (Cambridge, 1990)
  • Warrack, John and West, Ewan, The Oxford Dictionary of Opera, Oxford University Press, 1992, ISBN 0-19-869164-5

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