The god of both wine and ecstatic mystical religion, Dionysus is the protagonist of the play, first seeking to travel to Hades to bring back a poet of wise counsel to help Athens, and then judging the poetic contest between Euripides and Aeschylus. He is cocky but cowardly, self-seeking and crass.
The keen-witted and ambitious slave of Dionysus, Xanthias likes to complain about and compete with his master.
The famous son of Zeus who completed the Twelve Labors. Heracles in this play provides Dionysus with advice on traveling to the underworld. Heracles's past deeds there are vilified by Aeacus and the innkeepers.
The ferryman on the river Styx; in the play he takes Dionysus across the lake to Hades.
The doorman of Pluto's house in Hades; he hates Heracles for stealing Cerberus and thus tries to torture Dionysus and Xanthias when they are disguised as Heracles.
Maid of Persephone
Thinking Heracles has arrived at Pluto's house, she invites him in for Persephone's meal and dancing girls.
The woman who runs the inn in Hades; he dislikes Heracles for his behavior on his visit there.
Another female innkeeper in Hades who dislikes Heracles for his bad behavior when he traveled there.
Slave of Pluto
Speaks with Xanthias about how he criticizes his master behind his back, and gives information about the upcoming contest between Aeschylus and Euripides.
The god of the underworld and husband of Persephone, Pluto calls the contest between poets and allows the winner to return to Athens.
The recently deceased poet whom Dionysus originally intends to bring back from the underworld. Euripides was a tragic poet who often wrote of the common people. Aeschylus criticizes him for wanton verse and witty but decadent intellectualism.
The renowned tragic poet who engages in a contest with Euripides to see who holds the chair of honor next to Pluto. While Euripides mocks him as stentorian and verbose, Dionysus finds his verse more traditional, sagacious, and necessary to help Athens in their time of need, and thus brings him back to the world above.
Chorus of Frogs
Sings for Dionysus while he takes Charon's boat across the Styx, jesting and teasing with their rambunctious croaking and singing.
Chorus of Initiates
Part of the Eleusinian Mysteries, the Initiates help Dionysus and Xanthias on their path and also sing of the rites and members of the Mysteries, the glories of Demeter and Iacchus; they also poke fun at notable politicians and poets.
The daughter of Demeter and the wife of Pluto.
The Frogs Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for The Frogs is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Frogs croak. Croaking is the opposite of singing. Good poets, in ancient times, were also good singers. The implication is that most poets of the time were very bad poets. Dionyssios needs to pass through this crowd of bad poets before he gets to...