knowledge gained from texts; written authorities (often classical authors)
auctour (or author)
an author - someone who writes, but particularly someone who writes with "authority" (see below) on a subject
the Latin for "Hail Mary" - and the title of a Christian song sung by the child in the Prioress' Tale
the Wife of Bath's euphemism for her vagina
pertaining to the attitudes or writings of Boethius
a legendary cow who eats patient wives
in medieval English, a scholar - someone learned, who has studied.
a fox with black-tipped feet, ears and tail
inclination, sexual desire, determination, courage
someone whose wife has been sexually unfaithful to them
a description in words of something visual: painting with words
life experience, knowledge gained through living: the opposite of "written authority"
an old story, presented as poetry in medieval French. Often light-hearted, clever, witty short tales, focused on elaborate tricks, cunning plots or talking animals. The plural of fabliau is fabliaux.
advocacy of the rights of women, and the equality of the sexes
glossing (or glosynge)
interpreting a text to make it mean something: in medieval times, the textual glosses (explanations) were often written in the margins of texts, and were widely published
a medieval English version of our modern word "handy" - meaning clever, cunning, or practically "good with the hands". Applied, with good reason, to Nicholas in the Miller's Tale.
a common name for a clerk (and can also be a derogatory name for a priest or friar)
the Middle English word for "mastery"
The English language in the period between Old English and modern English, usually considered to be from about 1100-50 until about 1450-1500.
O Alma redemptoris
Latin for "Gracious mother of the Redeemer" - the title of a Christian song sung by the child in the Prioress' Tale
a description of a situation, while professing to leave it undescribed through lack of knowledge, or unwillingness to discuss it
A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime. Historically, the Catholic Church used to issue a pardon on paper, which could be bought from a Pardoner for a certain amount of money in order to (quite literally) buy forgiveness and thereby a route to heaven.
the day on which the Holy Spirit was dispersed to Jesus' disciples in the Christian calendar
a long journey of religious significance. In this case, the pilgrims travel from an inn in Southwark to the shrine of St. Thomas in Canterbury.
an attitude which shares feminism's values, but which was held or explained before "feminism" (or at least the concept called "feminism") existed
the middle English version of both our words "quaint" (meaning old-fashioned, coy, pretty) and "cunt" (meaning the female external genitals
a Middle English word which is a close relation of our "requite" - it can either mean to revenge something or repay someone
a verse form used by Chaucer in four tales - the Prioress, the Second Nun, the Man of Law, and the Clerk - which have religious themes. It is a seven line stanza, rhymed abab bcc.
Roman de la rose
The "Romance of the Rose" is a French medieval poem which heavily influenced Chaucer. See "Additional Content" section for more detail.
A tale in verse, usually about the adventures of some hero of chivalry, and usually relating to the ideals of courtliness and knighthood
the Middle-English word from which our "sententiousness" derives. Sentence is "meaning", "moral", "meaningfulness", "counsel" - and is a good yardstick by which to judge any of the teller's tales.
a petty officer who cites and warns persons to appear in court; usually a religious court, and often at the behest of the church
as used in talking about the Tales, it tends to refer to the way Chaucer adopts another character's voice, without "he said" or "she said", but writing or speaking as that character
[to] sette... [someone's] cappe
to make a fool out of someone
The Canterbury Tales Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for The Canterbury Tales is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
The Pardoner is intensely self-loathing yet devoted to his task of defrauding people of their money by making them believe that they have sinned and need to buy pardons. He basically preaches out od self-interest.
The Canterbury Tales is the last of Geoffrey Chaucer's works, and he only finished 24 of an initially planned 100 tales. The Canterbury Tales study guide contains a biography of Geoffrey Chaucer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.
The Canterbury Tales is considered one of the greatest works produced in Middle English. The Canterbury Tales essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of The Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer.