## Elementary Statistics (12th Edition)

Published by Pearson

# Chapter 9 - Inferences from Two Samples - 9-3 Two Means: Independent Samples - Basic Skills and Concepts: 9

#### Answer

a) Fail to reject the null hypothesis. b)$\mu_1-\mu_2$ is between -0.65 and 1.13.

#### Work Step by Step

a) Null hypothesis:$\mu_1=\mu_2$, alternative hypothesis:$\mu_10.1. If the P-value is less than$\alpha$, which is the significance level, then this means the rejection of the null hypothesis. Hence:P is more than$\alpha=0.01$, because it is more than 0.1, hence we fail to reject the null hypothesis. b) The corresponding critical value using the table:$t_{\alpha/2}=t_{0.005}=3.169.$The margin of error:$E=t_{\alpha/2}\sqrt{\frac{s_1^2}{n_1}+\frac{s_2^2}{n_2}}=3.169\sqrt{\frac{0.89^2}{11}+\frac{0.66^2}{59}}=0.89.$Hence the confidence interval$\mu_1-\mu_2$is between$\overline{x_1}-\overline{x_2}-E$=(97.69-97.45)-0.89=-0.65 and$\overline{x_1}-\overline{x_2}+E\$=(97.69-97.45)+0.89=1.13.

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