#### Answer

please see step-by-step.

#### Work Step by Step

See p.37.
(a) Shift the graph of $y =f(x)$ up 8 units.
(b) Shift the graph of $y =f(x)$ left 8 units.
(c)
1. Vertically stretch the graph of $y =f(x)$ by a factor of 2.
2. Then raise that graph 1 unit upward.
(d)
1. Shift the graph of $y =f(x)$ right 2 units
2. Then shift that graph 2 units downward.
(e) Reflect the graph of $y =f(x)$ about the x-axis.
(f)
1. Reflect the graph of $y =f(x)$ about the x-axis.
2. Then raise that graph 3 units upward.