Intermediate Algebra (12th Edition)

Published by Pearson

Chapter 7 - Section 7.7 - Complex Numbers - 7.7 Exercises: 79

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Work Step by Step

In order to calculate the larger powers of $i$, we can first calculate the values of $i$, $i^{2}$, $i^{3}$, and $i^{4}$. $i^{1}=i$ $i^{2}=i\times i=-1$ $i^{3}=i\times i^{2}=i\times-1=-i$ $i^{4}=i^{2}\times i^{2}=-1\times-1=1$ We can use these values and the rules of exponents to derive larger powers of $i$. Therefore, $i^{18}=i^{16}\times i^{2}=(i^{4})^{4}\times i^{2}=1^{4}\times-1=1\times-1=-1$.

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