exaiphnes; reversal, whether of the mood, in the atmosphere, etc.
the third sex in Aristophanes’ speech, where essentially a woman and a man were one person
the pursued in an affair; in ancient Greece, usually referred to a young boy
love striking whenever it gets the chance, felt by the vulgar; attraction to the body; more common among heterosexual
andreia; the ability to win a contest
a being who is neither mortal nor immortal, or a “spirit”
particularly intense attachment and desire in general; most commonly applied to passionate love and desire, usually sexual; also refers to the god who personifies this state
whole of well-being and the good life; there is no English translation to completely capture it, so translated as happiness
finding pleasure in what is by nature stronger and more intelligent; purely homosexual love
no English translation, but its instances are translated as “fine,” “good,” “beautiful,” “noble,” and “honorable” depending on the usage
the pursuer in a relationship or affair; in ancient Greece, usually an older, wise man
philosophon; one who pursues philosophy (i.e. a philosopher)
sophrosune; this word can also be translated as “temperance” or more literally “sound-mindedness”; it is a virtue with self-control
arete; excellence; the four cardinal virtues of Justice, Moderation, Bravery, and Wisdom
way to achieve immortality for mortals; in body through childbirth or in soul through politics or poetry
search for other half, trying to achieve original nature before the splitting of humans by the gods
wisdom or skill, depending on the usage of the speaker; Agathon’s usage equates to techne, which refers to the ability to produce things, translated as skill or art.
It literally means “drinking together,” but at these gatherings, food was always served and entertainment provided as well.
translated from aischros, which is also translated as “bad” and “shameful”