1. ^ All Time 100 Novels, Time, Oct 16, 2005 
  2. ^ Doctorow, E. L.; Morris, Christopher D. (1999). Conversations with E.L. Doctorow. University Press of Mississippi. p. 124. Doctorow called Ragtime "a quite deliberate hommage" to Kleist's story 
  3. ^ "Hey! Grandpa Was Right-Doctorow Stole Ragtime". Observer. March 1998. 
  4. ^ "E. L. Doctorow Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2007. 
  5. ^ Jameson, Fredric (1991). Postmodernism, or, The cultural logic of late capitalism. Duke University Press. pp. 21–25. 

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