- ^ All Time 100 Novels, Time, Oct 16, 2005
- ^ Doctorow, E. L.; Morris, Christopher D. (1999). Conversations with E.L. Doctorow. University Press of Mississippi. p. 124. Doctorow called Ragtime "a quite deliberate hommage" to Kleist's story
- ^ "Hey! Grandpa Was Right-Doctorow Stole Ragtime". Observer. March 1998.
- ^ "E. L. Doctorow Biography". Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2007.
- ^ Jameson, Fredric (1991). Postmodernism, or, The cultural logic of late capitalism. Duke University Press. pp. 21–25.
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