The Question and Answer section for Percy Shelley: Poems is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Here we have a speaker learning from a traveler about a giant, ruined statue that lay broken and eroded in the desert. The title of the poem informs the reader that the subject is the 13th-century B.C. Egyptian King Ramses II, whom the Greeks...
Which poem are you referring to?
I always thought a dirge was a "funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead." A lament is a general feeling or expression of sorrow.