Mahabharata Glossary

Mahabharata Glossary

ABHISHAVA

a religious rite

ABBHISHEKA

sacred cleansing

ACHARYA

teacher

AJYA

a form of sacrificial offering

APRAMATTA

without pride or passion

APSARAS

celestial nymphs

ARGHYA

an offering due to an honoured guest

ARYA

noble

ASRAM

hermitage

ASURA

enemies of gods

ASWAMEDHA

sacrifice of the horse

BAIDURYA

lapiz-lazuli

BRAHMACHARIN

one who has taken chastity vows

Beauteous

beautiful

Bondsman

slave

Bosom

breasts

Bounden

bound

Bounteous

plentiful

CHANDAN

sandalwood

DAKSHINA

donation, payment for teachings

DASAPUTRA

son of a slave

DEVA

god

DEVADARU

the Indian pine

DEVA-KANYA

celestial maiden

DEVA-RISHI

celestial saint

DHARMA-RAJA

monarch by reason of virtue

DIKSHA

initiation into a sacred rite

Drenched

soaked to the skin

Fatal

deadly

GANDHARVA

celestial singers

GANDIVA

Arjun's bow

GHEE

clarified butter

Gratified

grateful

GURU

teacher

HOMA

a sacrificial offering

HOWDA

the seat on an elephant

Interpolation

outburst

KANKA

a bird of prey

KHADIRA

an Indian tree

KIMPURUSHA

a class of imaginary beings

KINNARA

a class of imaginary beings with the face of a horse

KOKIL

an Indian bird answering to the English cuckoo, and prized for its sweet note

Lineage

pedigree

MAGHA

winter month

MAHUT

elephant driver

MANTRA

incantation

MUNI

saint

NAGA

who lives in the snake-world

NISHADA

an aboriginal race

NISHKA

gold pieces used as money and as ornament

PANKHA

fan

Perchance

by chance

PISHACHA

ghost

PITRI-MEDHA

sacrifice and offering due to departed ancestors

PRAVARGYA

a religious rite

Preceptor

teacher

PURANA

religious works

PURUSHA

soul

RAJASUYA

imperial sacrifice

RAKSHA

monster

RIK

hymn recited at sacrifice

RISHI

saint

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