Glossary of Terms
AssizesIn the English justice system, a trial session held four times per year in specific locations (one per county), attended by an itinerant judge of a superior court.
bannsA public notice of an intended marriage, announced three times in the parish church of at least one of the betrothed.
beauA dandy or fashionably dressed gentleman.
characterA character reference.
coach and sixA coach drawn by six horses; a status symbol.
crabstickA cane or club made of wood, especially that of the crab apple tree.
curateIn the Church of England, a member of the clergy employed as a deputy to assist a rector or vicar.
cureCuracy; the district of a curate, rector, or vicar; the spiritual or religious charge of the people within such a district.
excise-manAn official who collects excise taxes and enforces related laws.
free-thinkerIn late-seventeenth- and early-eighteenth-century Britain, a radical philosopher submitting traditional religious and moral authorities to the test of reason.
GaffarLocalism for “Godfather,” a term of respect for an older man of low social status.
GammerLocalism for “Godmother,” a term of respect for an older woman of low social status.
goalJail; alternate spelling of gaol.
ifaukinsSlang for “in faith,” truthfully.
Justice of the PeaceIn the English system of justice, a local magistrate whose function is to try minor cases in his jurisdiction, recommend more serious cases for trial, and perform various administrative duties.
livingIn the Church of England, a post granted to a clergyman that ensures a fixed amount of property or income.
mittimusA warrant of commitment to prison.
parishIn Britain, a political subdivision of a county, its boundaries corresponding to those of an original ecclesiastical parish.
postilionA servant who rides the left horse of the leading pair of horses drawing a coach.
settlementIn Britain, legal residence in a specific place, including (in the case of paupers) the right to claim food or shelter from the parish.
Smithfield matchA marriage for money.
trained-bandA civilian militia.
whipper-inA servant who assists the huntsman in managing the hounds.
Whitefield, GeorgeA leading English Methodist who pioneered the Calvinistic branch of Methodism emphasizing faith over works.
Joseph Andrews Essays and Related Content
- Joseph Andrews: Major Themes
- Joseph Andrews: Essays
- Joseph Andrews: E-Text
- Joseph Andrews: Questions
- Joseph Andrews: Purchase the Novel and Related Material
- Henry Fielding: Biography
- Joseph Andrews Summary
- About Joseph Andrews
- Character List
- Glossary of Terms
- Major Themes
- Quotes and Analysis
- Summary and Analysis of Preface and Book I, Chapters I through VI
- Summary and Analysis of Book I, Chapters VII through XII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book I, Chapters XIII through XVIII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book II, Chapters I through V.
- Summary and Analysis of Book II, Chapters VI through XII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book II, Chapters XIII through XVII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book III, Chapters I through III.
- Summary and Analysis of Book III, Chapters IV through VI.
- Summary and Analysis of Book III, Chapters VII through XIII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book IV, Chapters I through VIII.
- Summary and Analysis of Book IV, Chapters IX through XVI.
- Henry Fielding and Samuel Richardson
- Related Links on Joseph Andrews
- Suggested Essay Questions
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 1
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 2
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 3
- Test Yourself! - Quiz 4
- Author of ClassicNote and Sources