the first post-independence government formed in the colonies; the Articles gave most authority to the colonies themselves, with limited control to the central government
the code of deniability surrounding the illegal practice of dueling in the U.S. during the 1800s
the supreme law of the United States, adopted on September 17, 1787 but only later ratified by the states; the Constitution established the branches of the government (executive, legislative, and judicial), and continues to guide American law and politics to this day
the primary colonial military force in the Revolutionary War; it was founded in 1775, and commanded by General George Washington.
Declaration of Independence
the document which announced the independence of the thirteen colonies from Great Britain, and stands as a model of rational liberty to this day; it was written by Thomas Jefferson and adopted on July 4, 1776
an arranged meeting of combat between gentlemen, usually to resolve a private matter; dueling was illegal in many states at the turn of the 19th century
several essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay, and published between 1787 and 1788 to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution by the states
the first American political party; the Federalists were led by Alexander Hamilton, and favored a strong centralized government, in opposition to Jefferson's Republican party; the Federalists held power until 1801
a slave who has been set free
the visual images, symbols, or modes of representation collectively associated with a person, cult, or movement
a trade agreement established in 1794 between the United States and England; though it mostly set guidelines for trade and the settlement of pre-war debts, it was encouraged by President Washington to ensure American neutrality in the then-raging war between England and France
a popular belief of the 19th century that encouraged the expansion of U.S. territories in the West
the estate of Thomas Jefferson, located in central Virginia
the home of George Washington, located in Virginia on the Potomac River
a vision or forewarning
a Christian-based omnipresent God who oversees the affairs of mankind; the term can also be used to describe fate
the hometown of John Adams, located ten miles from Boston, Massachusetts; it was originally called “Braintree,” but renamed for Adams
a form of government which belongs to and represents the people; in a republic, officials are elected to office, and do not inherit titles or privileges
the second American political party, formed by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison to counter the Federalist party and favoring state power over centralized control; historians have dubbed the party the Democratic-Republicans; the party held the Presidency from 1800 to 1825, and eventually became the Whig Party, a precursor to the contemporary Republican Party
the act of breaking from a union or organization; in terms of American politics, it refers to a state's attempt to lave the Union
a 1791-1794 revolt in which western Pennsylvania farmers protested a federal tax on whiskey; President Washington suppressed it with the federal army, setting a precedent of the government's duty to maintain the Union
Founding Brothers Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for Founding Brothers is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Ellis reminds the reader that though Americans take the fact of their independence for granted, their forefathers were not so certain of revolutionary success. Had certain circumstances favored the British in the war, these forefathers might as...
The “miracle at Philadelphia” produced the United States Constitution, which eventually became the highest law of the nation, and a criterion for all future independent nations. Because they so ably navigated the thorny questions and controversies...