Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud is a 1955 book by the German philosopher and social critic Herbert Marcuse, in which he proposes a non-repressive society and attempts a synthesis of the theories of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. One of Marcuse's best known works, its title alludes to Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents (1930). Eros and Civilization, which reveals the influence of Martin Heidegger as well as that of Marx and Freud, has been compared to Norman O. Brown's Life Against Death (1959). A new edition of Eros and Civilization, with an added "political preface", was published in 1966.
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