Symposium by Plato
The Impossibility of Evil Without Ignorance and the Progression Toward Good
As society's rules and ideals have changed over time, so have their
definitions of evil been completely revolutionized. While today evil is something morally wrong, a violation of some universal law, it was not always seen in the same light. St. Augustine and Plato both characterized evil as simply an absence of good. Since both men equated good with wisdom, evil, the absence of good, was akin to ignorance, the absence of wisdom. In their books, Confessions and Symposium, both Augustine and Plato support the idea that evil is only possible through ignorance. They explain the transition from evil and ignorance to good and wisdom as a progression toward fulfillment, and once a higher level of understanding is reached, it becomes obvious that evil had never been necessary in the quest for what is ultimately sought, happiness.
In Confessions, Augustine equates God with truth. The only way to find the truth is to find God, and the two are so intertwined that it is difficult to distinguish between them. "No one can tell me the truth of it except my God, who enlightens my mind and dispels its shadows," (52). Ultimately the two become one entity, and Augustine realizes, in retrospect, that he was searching for both at the...
Join Now to View Premium Content
GradeSaver provides access to 766 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 5104 literature essays, 1553 sample college application essays, 195 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders.
Already a member? Log in