Claude McKay: Poems


  1. ^ See James, Winston (2003), "Becoming the People's Poet: Claude McKay's Jamaican Years, 1889-1912," in Small Axe: A Caribbean Journal of Criticism, March 2003, No. 13, pp. 17-45; note 8. There has been much confusion over whether McKay was born in 1889 or 1890, but his birth certificate has been discovered showing that he was, in fact, born in 1889.
  2. ^ a b Felicia R. Lee, "New Novel of Harlem Renaissance Is Found," The New York Times, September 14, 2012.
  3. ^ Tyrone Tillery, Claude McKay: A Black Poet's Struggle for Identity. University of Massachusetts Press, 1992, pp. 64-65, 68-70.
  4. ^ Wayne F. Cooper, Claude McKay: Rebel Sojourner in the Harlem Renaissance, Louisiana State University Press, 1987, pp. 294-295.
  5. ^ Many sources claim this birthplace; however, Winston James (2003) says McKay was born in the village of Nairne Castle.
  6. ^ Long (1985), p. 353.
  7. ^ Em (2004-02-26). ""Biography, McKay's Jamaica Years, Still Further Continued", The Dialect Poetry of Claude McKay". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  8. ^ Freda Scott Giles, "Claude McKay's Life", Modern American Poetry.
  9. ^ The Chicago Defender (National edition) (1921-1967); April 2, 1921; ProQuest Historical Newspapers: Chicago Defender (1910-1975), p. 1.
  10. ^ According to David Freeman ("Churchill quoted radical poet Claude McKay"; originally published in Finest Hour 125, Winter 2004-025), while Churchill may have been familiar with McKay's words there is no documented evidence of him citing the poem in any speech. The Churchill Centre and Museum at the Churchill War Rooms, London.
  11. ^ McKay, Claude (December 1923). "Soviet Russia and the Negro". The Crisis: 61. 
  12. ^ Baldwin, Kate A. (2002). Beyond the Color Line and the Iron Curtain: Reading Encounters between Black and Red, 1922-1963. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. pp. 28–32. ISBN 978-0-8223-2976-3. 
  13. ^ a b "Haiti and Black Transnationalism: Remapping the Migrant Geography of Home to Harlem - Critical Essay | African American Review | Find Articles at". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  14. ^ "The Johns Hopkins Guide to Literary Theory and Criticism". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  15. ^ James, Winston (2001). A Fierce Hatred of Injustice: Claude McKay's Jamaica and His Poetry of Rebellion (London: Verso), p. 46.
  16. ^ "Claude McKay", in Julie Buckner Armstrong, Amy Schmidt (eds), ''The Civil Rights Reader: American Literature from Jim Crow to Reconciliation'', University of georgia Press, 2009, p. 62. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  17. ^ "Jamaica National Heritage Trust". 2007-02-19. Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  18. ^ Asante, Molefi Kete (2002). 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.
  19. ^ "Mckay, Claude (1890-1948)", from St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture. ©2005-2006 Thomson Gale.
  20. ^ a b "McKay, Claude", in Brian Shaffer (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Twentieth-Century Fiction, Blackwell Publishing, 2011, p. 701.

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