Childhood and Society

Theories of development and the ego

Erikson is also credited with being one of the originators of Ego psychology, which stressed the role of the ego as being more than a servant of the id. According to Erikson, the environment in which a child lived was crucial to providing growth, adjustment, a source of self-awareness and identity. Erikson won a Pulitzer Prize[17] and a U.S. National Book Award in category Philosophy and Religion[18] for Gandhi's Truth (1969), which focused more on his theory as applied to later phases in the life cycle.


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