in classical mythology, a spring of poetic inspiration on Mt. Helicon
smooth and white, like the alabaster stone
a representation of something often abstract or spiritual through something concrete or tangible; usually the elements of the concrete thing have parallels with elements of the thing represented
the traditional food of the gods
in classical mythology, one of two twin brothers of Antiope and Zeus. He became the husband of Niobe. With his twin Zethus, he built the Theban walls by using his lyre to charm the stones to move into place.
a giant having one hundred eyes
the goddess of the dawn
morally low or dishonorable
to contend; a contention
to charm, divert, or influence, often by trickery
a kind of dance
shameless or impudent; also, like brass or made of brass
harsh, especially in language; corrosive
an ugly or odd creature left by fairies in place of a child
being pure and chaste, especially by avoiding sexual practices
a defensive fortress over a city
hugs or embraces
unruly or wild, like a young horse
in poetic terms, an extended metaphor; a whim
Diana, the virgin goddess of the moon and of hunting, also a protector of women
done little by little
timeworn and stale
rhetoric, the art of using language well for communication
to compose or write something, such as this poem
a weasel or its white fur
imagination or fantasy
a piece of burning wood or something similar; metaphorically, a person with a fiery temper
a mythological boy so beautiful that Jove fell in love with him. Jove made him his cup-bearer in the heavens.
a semblance or an assumed appearance
a herald or anything that points to a future event
the beautiful wife of King Menelaus who was abducted to Troy by the young man Paris. This was the stated cause of the Trojan War (see the Iliad).
half of the globe
a mythological hero with exceptional strength and verve
a contract that binds one person into the service of another
Jupiter, the supreme deity of the ancient Romans, god of the heavens and weather.
to become weak or feeble, or to be so
a person who is not a member of the clergy or a given profession (such as law or medicine)
a distinctive uniform worn by an official or a member of a company or guild; also, characteristic dress or outward appearance
something that serves as a guide or on which someone fixates
a musical instrument used to accompany singing and recitation
the border or edge, especially on the edges of a printed book
the ancient Roman god of war and agriculture, identified with the Greek god Ares
to undergo a change in form or nature
a son of Hypnos (the god of sleep) and the god of dreams
someone from the Grand Duchy of Muscovy or Moscow; a Russian
also called Grand Duchy of Muscovy, a Russian principality founded about 1271
traditionally the life-giving drink of the gods
Nestor was an epic hero considered an elderly, wise counselor to the Greeks when they fought at Troy (see the Iliad).
an excessively miserly or stingy person
a public speaker, especially one of great eloquence
in Greek mythology, a poet and musician who followed Euridice, his dead wife, to the underworld. He charmed Hades to give him permission to lead her back home, provided that he did not look back at her until they returned. At the last moment, he turned to look, and she was lost to him forever.
someone, usually young, in attendance on a person of rank
a teat or nipple
the Trojan prince who abducted Helen (see the Iliad); he had been called on to judge which of three goddesses was the most beautiful. His judgment caused havoc in the heavens and on earth.
a Greek mountain that was sacred to Apollo, Dionysus, and the nine Muses
a state of confusion or uncertainty
an 14th-century Italian poet and scholar who was famous for his love lyrics and his sonnet style
having the cold, moist humor (a biological term of Sidney's time), resulting in a slow temperament
Apollo, the sun god
black and white; particolored
a Greek poet from the 5th century B.C., generally regarded as the greatest Greek lyric poet
evoking or deserving pity; pathetic
an epidemic disease that had a very high mortality in the Middle Ages. It was transmitted to humans from rats via fleas.
a kind of stone
flowing or rippling with a murmuring sound
the pure, concentrated essence of something
extremely beautiful and entrancing
a caustic substance, when medicinal; a vegetable
a homeless man or vagabond
looking fresh, healthy, and red (especially in the cheeks)
a cause of great affliction or calamity; more weakly, someone or something that punishes or deeply criticizes
a false method of reasoning; a false argument; what the Sophists practiced
supremacy of authority or rule; having a rightful status, independence, or prerogative
a native or inhabitant of Sparta, known for having a culture geared toward the production of warriors
a small or elusive supernatural being; an elf or pixie; also, a different form of the word for "spirit," meaning the attitude or principle that inspires thought, feeling, or action
fixed, settled, or permanent
vigorous or bitter conflict
help or relief; also, a person or thing that gives succor
a reference to Tantalus, a son of Zeus who stole from the gods, revealed their secrets, and killed and boiled his son. Tantalus was punished (tantalized).
a Greek valley where Apollo chased Daphne until she was transformed into a laurel tree
a city of ancient Greece
pertaining to the highest pitch or range, as a voice part, voice, or instrument
a figure of speech using words in non-literal ways, such as a metaphor
vapor; a state of depression
calfskin, lambskin, kidskin, etc., used as a writing surface; books often were published on vellum
annoying and bothersome
malicious or unjustifiable; also, mischievous or frolicsome, often sexually and to one's detriment
understanding, intelligence, or astuteness
damage or destruction
a person who is very unfortunate or unhappy or who has a despicable or base character
a device that holds together the heads of draft animals so that they will, for example, plow a field together; metaphorically, subjection, servitude, or oppression
a point in the sky that is directly above the observer
Astrophil and Stella Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for Astrophil and Stella is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
You need to go back and check the difference between a Shakespearean/English sonnet and an Italian/Petrarchan sonnet. The sonnets are not consistent in one form or the other. However, the rhyme is very obvious is you just match the last word of...
Historically, Sidney's poem reflects his own love for and loss of a woman. Sidney was intended to marry Penelope Devereux, who the character of Stella is based upon. Unfortuately, Penelope (Stella) was forced to marry someone else. Society of...