Anticlaudianus was written by French theologian and poet Alain de Lille. This lengthy, symbolic poem is about creation as well as the edification of the human soul by God, nature, theology, and philosophy. Alain is also well-known for another poem of his titled De planctu naturae ("Lament of Nature"), which is a satire about human indecency.
Alain was born during c. 1128 in Lille, France and died during 1202 in Citeaux, France. He studied and taught in Paris and temporarily lived in Montpellier. He eventually became a member of the Cistercians, a group of Benedictine monks from the abbey of Molesme, in Citeaux. His theologian work, during the second half of the 12th century, consisted of mystic opposition against Scholastic philosophy. Instead, he adhered to an eclectic Scholasticism consisting of rationalism and mysticism. Regarding his theologian beliefs, he created apologetic works known as Tractatus contra haereticos (“Treatise Against Heretics”) and Theologicae regulae (“Maxims of Theology”).