American Beauty

References

Annotations
  1. ^ Some postmodernist readings would posit no need for an identified voice; see Death of the Author.
  2. ^ Despite their desire to conform, Jim and Jim are openly, proudly gay, a contradiction that Sally R. Munt says may seem strange to heterosexual audiences.[22]
  3. ^ According to Hausmann, "These films appear to suggest that [the film theorist] Kaja Silverman's wish 'that the typical male subject, like his female counterpart, might learn to live with lack'—namely, the 'lack of being' that remains 'the irreducible condition of subjectivity'— has not yet been fulfilled."[43] See Silverman, Kaja (1992). Male Subjectivity at the Margins (New York: Routledge): 65+20. ISBN 9780415904193.
  4. ^ Kramer uses the analogy of looking at a sculpture: "We determine for ourselves the pacing of our experience: we are free to walk around the piece, view it from many angles, concentrate on some details, see other details in relationship to each other, step back and view the whole, see the relationship between the piece and the space in which we see it, leave the room when we wish close our eyes and remember, and return for further viewings."[55]
  5. ^ Another example comes with the songs that Carolyn picks to accompany the Burnhams' dinners—upbeat "elevator music" which is later replaced with more discordant tunes that reflect the "escalating tension" at the table. When Jane plays "Cancer for the Cure", she switches off after a few moments because her parents return home. The moment reinforces her as someone whose voice is "cut short", as does her lack of association with as clearly defined genres as her parents.[61]
  6. ^ At that point called American Rose.[62]
  7. ^ Ball said he decided on DreamWorks after an accidental meeting with Spielberg in the Amblin Entertainment car park, where the writer became confident that Spielberg "got" the script and its intended tone.[68]
  8. ^ Mendes had considered the idea before; he almost took on The Wings of the Dove (1997) and had previously failed to secure financing for an adaptation of the play The Rise and Fall of Little Voice, which he directed in 1992. The play made it to the screen in 1998 as Little Voice, without Mendes' involvement.[76]
  9. ^ One of which director of photography Conrad Hall had filmed for Divorce American Style (1967).[122]
  10. ^ The shot references a similar one in Ordinary People (1980). Mendes included several such homages to other films; family photographs in the characters' homes were inserted to give them a sense of history, but also as a nod to the way Terrence Malick used still photographs in Badlands (1973).[101] A shot of Lester's jogging was a homage to Marathon Man (1976) and Mendes watched several films to help improve his ability to evoke a "heightened sense of style": The King of Comedy (1983), All That Jazz (1979) and Rosemary's Baby (1968).[124]
  11. ^ The scene at the fast food outlet where Lester discovers Carolyn's affair.[103]
  12. ^ The navel pictured is not Mena Suvari's; it belongs to the model Chloe Hunter.[145]
  13. ^ Mendes said, "So at the end of the film I got up, and I was terribly British, I said, 'So, who kind of liked the movie?' And about a third of them put up their hands, and I thought, 'Oh shit.' So I said, 'OK, who kind of didn't like it?' Two people. And I said, 'Well, what else is there?' And a guy in the front said, 'Ask who really liked the movie.' So I did, and they all put up their hands. And I thought, 'Thank you, God.'"[127]
  14. ^ "Theaters" refers to individual movie theaters, which may have multiple auditoriums. Later, "screens" refers to single auditoriums.
  15. ^ Crossing the 600-theater threshold.
  16. ^ According to the firm, men under 21 gave American Beauty an "A+" grade; women under 21 gave it an "A". Men in the 21–34 age group gave the film a "B+"; women 21–34 gave it an "A–". Men 35 and over awarded a "B+"; women 35 and over gave a "B".[155]
  17. ^ The Writers Guild of America, the Screen Actors Guild, the Producers Guild of America, the American Society of Cinematographers and the Directors Guild of America.[193]
  18. ^ The Best Director award was presented to Mendes by Spielberg.[198]
  19. ^ This poll followed one of Empire‍ '​s readers alone in March 2006, which ranked the film number 51 out of 201.[200]
Footnotes
  1. ^ "American Beauty". British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved July 14, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "American Beauty (1999)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved September 22, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c Booth 2002, p. 129
  4. ^ Hall 2006, p. 23
  5. ^ a b c Booth 2002, p. 126
  6. ^ a b Booth 2002, p. 128
  7. ^ Booth 2002, pp. 126–128
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 1
  9. ^ a b Anker 2004, pp. 348–349
  10. ^ a b c Hausmann 2004, p. 118
  11. ^ a b c d e Pennington 2007, p. 104
  12. ^ a b Munt 2006, pp. 264–265
  13. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 8
  14. ^ a b Hausmann 2004, pp. 118–119
  15. ^ a b c Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 11
  16. ^ a b c d e Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 25
  17. ^ a b Pennington 2007, p. 105
  18. ^ a b c d Kemp 2000, p. 26
  19. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 26
  20. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 27
  21. ^ Desowitz, Bill (December 12, 1999). "Finding Spiritual Rebirth In a Valley of Male Ennui". The New York Times: 215.
  22. ^ a b c d Munt 2006, p. 265
  23. ^ Munt 2006, p. 274
  24. ^ Hausmann 2004, p. 112
  25. ^ Anker 2004, p. 345
  26. ^ Anker 2004, p. 347
  27. ^ Hall 2006, p. 24
  28. ^ a b Anker 2004, pp. 347–348
  29. ^ Anker 2004, p. 348
  30. ^ Anker 2004, pp. 349–350
  31. ^ a b c d Anker 2004, p. 350
  32. ^ Hall 2006, p. 27
  33. ^ Anker 2004, p. 356
  34. ^ Anker 2004, p. 360
  35. ^ Anker 2004, pp. 358–359
  36. ^ Bellantoni 2005, p. 25
  37. ^ a b Bellantoni 2005, p. 27
  38. ^ a b c d e f Shohan, Naomi (February 25, 2000). "'Beauty' design character driven". Variety.
  39. ^ a b Pennington 2007, pp. 105–106
  40. ^ a b Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 18
  41. ^ a b Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 23
  42. ^ a b Pennington 2007, p. 106
  43. ^ a b c Hausmann 2004, p. 117
  44. ^ Hausmann 2004, p. 113
  45. ^ Munt 2006, p. 267
  46. ^ a b Munt 2006, p. 266
  47. ^ a b Ball, Alan (March 28, 2000). "Beauty and the Box Office". The Advocate: 11.
  48. ^ Munt 2006, p. 264
  49. ^ Hausmann 2004, p. 127
  50. ^ Hausmann 2004, p. 148
  51. ^ a b Furby 2006, p. 22
  52. ^ Furby 2006, p. 25
  53. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 17
  54. ^ Furby 2006, pp. 25–26
  55. ^ a b c Link 2004, p. 86
  56. ^ Furby 2006, p. 23
  57. ^ a b Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 4
  58. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 9
  59. ^ Link 2004, p. 84
  60. ^ Link 2004, pp. 84–85
  61. ^ a b Miller, Drew (July 20, 2004). "A Kiss After Supper: American Beauty". Stylus. Retrieved November 26, 2009.
  62. ^ a b c Fanshawe, Simon (January 22, 2000). "Sam smiles". The Guardian: 32.
  63. ^ a b Cohen, David S. (March 7, 2000). "Scripter Ball hits a home run". Variety.
  64. ^ a b c Kazan 2000, p. 25
  65. ^ a b c d e Chumo II 2000, p. 26
  66. ^ a b c Chumo II 2000, p. 27
  67. ^ Kazan 2000, p. 28
  68. ^ a b Kazan 2000, pp. 28–29
  69. ^ Kazan 2000, p. 30
  70. ^ Staff (April 14, 1998). "DreamWorks grateful for 'American Beauty'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  71. ^ a b c d e Weinraub, Bernard (September 12, 1999). "The New Season / Film: Stage to Screen; A Wunderkind Discovers the Wonders of Film". The New York Times: 271.
  72. ^ Cox, Dan (April 14, 1998). "D'Works courts 'Beauty' spec". Variety.
  73. ^ a b c d Lowenstein 2008, p. 251
  74. ^ a b c Kazan 2000, p. 31
  75. ^ a b c d e Chumo II 2000, p. 28
  76. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 248
  77. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 249
  78. ^ Lowenstein 2008, pp. 250–251
  79. ^ a b c Lowenstein 2008, p. 252
  80. ^ a b Lowenstein 2008, p. 253
  81. ^ Hindes, Andrew (June 16, 1998). "Staging a transfer: Legit helmer Mendes makes pic bow with 'Beauty'". Variety.
  82. ^ Chumo II 2000, p. 32
  83. ^ Kazan 2000, p. 24
  84. ^ Kazan 2000, p. 37
  85. ^ a b Chumo II 2000, pp. 26–27
  86. ^ Chumo II 2000, pp. 32–33
  87. ^ a b Kilday, Gregg (January 18, 2000). "Worth a Closer Look". The Advocate: 91–92.
  88. ^ a b Chumo II 2000, p. 30
  89. ^ a b Kazan 2000, p. 32
  90. ^ a b Chumo II 2000, p. 33
  91. ^ Kazan 2000, pp. 32–33
  92. ^ a b Kazan 2000, p. 33
  93. ^ a b Chumo II 2000, pp. 33–34
  94. ^ a b Kazan 2000, p. 35
  95. ^ a b Wolk, Josh (March 27, 2000). "Pitching Fitts". Entertainment Weekly.
  96. ^ a b c Chumo II 2000, p. 35
  97. ^ a b c Kazan 2000, p. 36
  98. ^ a b Lowenstein 2008, pp. 253–254
  99. ^ Fleming, Michael (September 15, 1998). "Spacey nears 'Beauty' deal". Variety.
  100. ^ Fleming, Michael (September 23, 1998). "Bening in 'Beauty': Actress close to joining Spacey in DW pic". Variety.
  101. ^ a b c d e f g Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 2
  102. ^ a b Gordinier, Jeff (March 1, 2000). "Kevin Spacey – American Beauty". Entertainment Weekly (529).
  103. ^ a b c Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 22
  104. ^ a b Gordinier, Jeff (March 1, 2000). "Annette Bening – American Beauty". Entertainment Weekly (529).
  105. ^ a b c d Lowenstein 2008, pp. 257–258
  106. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 257
  107. ^ a b Honeycutt. Kirk (November 6, 1998). "'Beloved' actor sees 'Beauty'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  108. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Movie Answer Man". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 3, 2012. It is not illegal. to have people under 18 nude or partially nude on film. The California Child Labor Board approved the scene, and its representative was on the set when it was filmed, as were Thora's parents. 
  109. ^ There's a reason for R rating, Deseret News, March 2, 2007.
  110. ^ Verniere, James (September 18, 2009). "Hub Film Fest: It's Reel Time". Boston Herald: E20.
  111. ^ Galloway, Stephen (December 23, 1998). "Gallagher role: thing of 'Beauty'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  112. ^ Harris, Dana (December 28, 1998). "Alison Janney set for 'Nurse,' 'Beauty'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  113. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 16
  114. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 6
  115. ^ a b c d e Jackson, Kevin (February 2000). "American Beauty". Sight & Sound 10 (2): 40.
  116. ^ Kazan 2000, p. 34
  117. ^ a b Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 19
  118. ^ Staff (November 6, 1998). "Players". Variety.
  119. ^ Fleming, Michael (February 24, 1999). "'L.A.' duo greases up for 'Suite' ride". Variety.
  120. ^ a b Costello, Becca (September 30, 2004). "It was filmed in Sacramento". Sacramento News & Review.
  121. ^ Matsumoto, Jon (July 22, 2001). "You'll Need a Permission Slip for That". Los Angeles Times.
  122. ^ a b c d e f Probst et al. 2000, p. 75
  123. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 10
  124. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 21
  125. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 268
  126. ^ a b Stein, Ruthe (September 12, 1999). "From 'Cabaret' to California". San Francisco Chronicle: 55.
  127. ^ a b c Kemp 2000, p. 27
  128. ^ a b Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 5
  129. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 270
  130. ^ Kemp 2000, pp. 25–26
  131. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 20
  132. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 12
  133. ^ Staff (July 7, 2000). "'Beauty' mark: DVD due with 3 hours of extras". The Hollywood Reporter.
  134. ^ Lowenstein 2008, p. 259
  135. ^ a b Probst 2000, p. 80
  136. ^ a b c Probst 2000, p. 81
  137. ^ a b c d Probst et al. 2000, p. 76
  138. ^ Probst 2000, p. 82
  139. ^ a b c Burlingame, Jon (January 21, 2000). "Spotlight: Thomas Newman". Variety.
  140. ^ a b Torniainen, James (February 2000). "American Beauty". Film Score Monthly 5 (2): 36.
  141. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapter 24
  142. ^ Staff (February 21, 2001). "The Grammy Awards; Complete List of Winners". Los Angeles Times: 12.
  143. ^ Staff (Winter 2006). "Filmmaker Selects 20 Essential Movie Soundtracks". Filmmaker: 110–111.
  144. ^ Graser, Marc; Madigan, Nick (August 31, 1999). "Amazon.com books 'Beauty' for D'Works". Variety.
  145. ^ a b Hochman, David (November 26, 1999). "Moving Pictures". Entertainment Weekly: 25–26.
  146. ^ McKittrick, Casey (Spring 2001). "I Laughed and Cringed at the same Time". Velvet Light Trap (University of Texas Press) (47): 5+13. 
  147. ^ Higgins, Bill (September 13, 1999). "'Beauty's' belle of the ball". Variety.
  148. ^ a b Carver, Benedict; Jones, Oliver (September 13, 1999). "'Beauty' and the buzz: Mendes bow wows Toronto; SPE near 'East' deal". Variety.
  149. ^ Archerd, Army (September 16, 1999). "Just for Variety". Variety.
  150. ^ a b Hayes, Dade (February 16, 2000). "Oscar glow is golden at B.O.". Variety.
  151. ^ a b c d "American Beauty: Weekend Box Office". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved January 26, 2010.
  152. ^ Hayes, Dade (September 17, 1999). "'Beauty' strong in limited bow". Variety.
  153. ^ Klady, Leonard (October 4, 1999). "'Double' decks 'Kings' at B.O.". Variety.
  154. ^ a b c "American Beauty (1999)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  155. ^ "CinemaScore: American Beauty" at the Wayback Machine (archived July 6, 2000). CinemaScore. Archived from the original on April 8, 2000. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
  156. ^ Staff (January 27, 2000). "CinemaScore Ratings Compare with Golden Globes:Critics Both Confirm, Deny Latest Audience Preferences". AllBusiness (Business Wire). Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  157. ^ Dawtrey, Adam (September 16, 1999). "An 'American' kickoff for London Film Festival". Variety.
  158. ^ Fleming, Michael (November 29, 1999). "H'w'd taps on Mendes' door". Variety.
  159. ^ Groves, Don (January 18, 2000). "Preems push o'seas B.O.: 'Ashes,' 'Kings,' 'Beauty' bows boost weekend". Variety.
  160. ^ Groves, Don (January 25, 2000). "Winter chill o'seas: 'Sleepy Hollow' warms Spain in frigid frame". Variety.
  161. ^ Groves, Don (February 1, 2000). "B.O. scores o'seas: 'Beauty' bows strongly as 'Sense' steams on". Variety.
  162. ^ Woods, Mark (February 8, 2000). "'Toy 2's' the story: 'Beach' bows balmy, but toon sequel sweltering". Variety.
  163. ^ a b Groves, Don (February 22, 2000). "Surf's high o'seas: Euro auds take to 'The Beach' for big bows". Variety.
  164. ^ a b Groves, Don (February 28, 2000). "Trio terrific o'seas: 'Toy,' 'Beach' and 'Beauty' garner boffo B.O.". Variety.
  165. ^ Groves, Don (February 29, 2000). "Latins love 'Beauty': 'Beach' makes waves in Mexico and Italy". Variety.
  166. ^ Groves, Don (March 7, 2000). "Oscar noms boost B.O. overseas". Variety.
  167. ^ Hoffman, Bill (March 28, 2000). "Pretty Penny for 'Beauty'?". New York Post: 52.
  168. ^ a b "American Beauty: About the DVD". The New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
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  171. ^ a b Nichols, Peter M. (May 26, 2000). "On the Shelves (Or Maybe Not)". The New York Times: E28.
  172. ^ Mendes & Ball 2000, chapters 19–20
  173. ^ Perry, Vern (October 30, 2000). "These discs go to extremes". The Orange County Register.
  174. ^ Fitzpatrick, Eileen (July 29, 2000). "Film Directors Assess DVD Extras' Pros, Cons". Billboard: 88.
  175. ^ "American Beauty Blu-ray: Sapphire Edition". Blu-ray.com.
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  178. ^ Klady, Leonard (September 20, 1999). "Toronto auds tap 'Beauty'". Variety.
  179. ^ Vlessing, Etan (September 20, 1999). "'Beauty' counts at Toronto fest". The Hollywood Reporter.
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  185. ^ Hentzi 2000, pp. 49–50
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  187. ^ a b Kilday, Gregg (January 8, 2001). "Road to best pic: An 'American' dream". Variety.
  188. ^ Brown, Joel (June 22, 2001). "The Tube Has Few Intriguing Choices to Offer". The Tuscaloosa News: 14.
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