The Question and Answer section for A Long Way Gone is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
We see what Beah's life is like under the government soldiers but I don;t recall delving into the rebel's lifestyle. What chapter are you referring to?
This is a complex question. Solving the child soldier problem is geo-political in nature. Beah most probably would have stayed with the army. Many boys at the UNICEF camp escaped and returned to the army. The army was the only place they felt that...
THese boys were indoctrinated into this lifestyle. Even though they risked death, they had a sense of belonging, a sense of identity, and a sense of validation. They were stripped of all of these at the UNICEF camp.