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Scout doesn't understand the racism and bias she's surrounded by. She looks at everything through her own innocence; she expects people to act like she's been taught to act, and she doesn't understand why people become so angry or afraid.
Atticus tells her this because she's making judgments that she's not only too young to make, but that she's too inexperienced to make. He simply telling her to put herself in someone else's position before she judges them.
For example....... the gossip about Boo Radley and stories that people believe; the prayer group (women's group from the church), who are unwilling to show the same compassion for the people in their own neighborhood as they are those overseas; and finally Tom Robinson, judged for the color of his skin.
As people, we need to look beyond what we see because looks can be deceiving...... and we need to look inside of ourselves and understand why we feel the way we feel. If we don't take the time to put ourselves in the shoes of others, we have no right to form an opinion at all.
To Kill a Mockingbird