The work consists of six parts and a brief conclusion. Each part is preceded by an epigraph, which helps the reader to understand the point of view of the author, it sets a certain perception. Compositionally, the first part is the string of the plot, and in the third comes the climax - the scene of the death of the Countess. The sixth part is a conclusion.
In “The Queen of Spades" Pushkin often uses unexpected, random twists of events that intrigue the reader, give the narrative plot sharpness. Accidentally Herman is in the house of the Countess and sees Lisa. Suddenly he gives the girl a letter. The fatal night Herman goes not to Lisa, but to the chambers of the Countess. The death of the old woman also becomes unexpected as well as her mystical night visit. Herman does not expect the "betrayal" by the cherished card when instead of an ace falls a queen. Sudden to a reader is a short conclusion: the madness of the hero, Tomsk’s marriage, and Lisa’s marriage.
The main characters of "The Queen of Spades" belong to different generations, have their status in society. The old Countess Anna Fedotovna is rich and lives “in the past”. She dresses old-fashionably, goes to balls, where sits quietly in the corner and greets the guests. Her daily entertainment is to pester with whims a poor ward Liza. Anna Fedotovna is a cold, domineering and selfish lady.
Pushkin subtly uses the historical contrast: aristocratic XVIII century, ruled by the laws of honor, and the XIX century, where money dominates. German is a man of a new era. The desire to get rich at any cost leads him to a tragic end. Herman himself appreciates the peace and independence the most. To do this he needs a solid capital.
It is worth noting that Herman is not poor, because he puts at stake 47 thousand rubles. The hero calls calculation, moderation and industry his "winning cards", which will certainly benefit and carry him to the top of the social ladder. Wanting to get rich, Herman is moving towards his goal with unyielding tenacity. In his heart he is a passionate player, but takes a card in a hand with great care, terribly afraid to lose.
The unexpected ability to achieve wealth quickly is amazing for the young engineer. From that moment, the desire to learn the secret of the three cards becomes an obsession for him. Herman is even ready to become a lover of the eighty-year old woman. A random meeting with Lisa gives him another much better path. Playing with girl’s feelings, the military engineer does not feel the slightest remorse. He goes to the old countess with a gun, although the murder of the old woman is not included in his plans. Herman is just going to scare Anna Fedotovna. Could he have killed the old woman for the sake of wealth? Quite possible. Selfishness, greed, unscrupulousness, combined with a strong will and cold calculation made Herman a dangerous man.
Lisa looks like a victim of the tragedy, but the poor girl is not so innocent. She bears evil whims of old women for money, and considers Herman in terms of her benefits. Lisa seeks a good marriage to improve her position in the society. She is close to Hermann in spirit but sincerity of her feelings is of doubt. Not by chance at the end of the novel Pushkin says that in the house of Lisa lives a poor pupil. Has not a prosperous Lizaveta become the same tormentor for another poor girl, what was Countess for her? Pushkin is almost certain that evil begets evil.