The Count of Monte Cristo

Selected notable adaptations

Film and television

  • 1908: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent film starring Hobart Bosworth
  • 1913: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent film starring James O'Neill
  • 1918: The Count of Monte Cristo, a silent-film serial starring Léon Mathot
  • 1922: Monte Cristo, directed by Emmett J. Flynn
  • 1929: Monte Cristo, restored silent epic directed by Henri Fescourt
  • 1934: The Count of Monte Cristo, directed by Rowland V. Lee
  • 1940: The Son of Monte Cristo, directed by Rowland V. Lee
  • 1942 The Count of Monte Cristo (Spanish: El Conde de Montecristo), a Mexican version directed by Chano Urueta and starred by Arturo de Córdova
  • 1946: The Return of Monte Cristo, directed by Henry Levin
  • 1950: The Prince of Revenge (أمير الانتقام), Egyptian Movie directed by Henry Barkat, Starring Anwar Wagdi
  • 1953:The Count of Monte Cristo (Spanish: El Conde de Montecristo), directed by León Klimovsky and starred by Jorge Mistral
  • 1954: The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Jean Marais
  • 1956: The Count of Monte Cristo, TV series based on further adventures of Edmond Dantès after the end of the novel
  • 1958: Vanjikottai Valiban (வஞ்சிக்கோட்டை வாலிபன்), Tamil film adaptation and its Hindi remake Raaj Tilak.
  • 1961: Le comte de Monte Cristo, starring Louis Jourdan, directed by Claude Autant-Lara
  • 1964: The Count of Monte Cristo, BBC television serial starring Alan Badel and Natasha Parry
  • 1964: The Crafty One (أمير الدهاء), Egyptian Movie directed by Henry Barkat, Starring Farid Shawqi
  • 1966: Il conte di Montecristo, RAI Italian television serial directed by Edmo Fenoglio. starring Andrea Giordana
  • 1968: Sous le signe de Monte Cristo, French movie starring Paul Barge, Claude Jade and Anny Duperey, directed by André Hunebelle, and set in 1947
  • 1973: The Count of Monte Cristo, animated short produced by Hanna-Barbera
  • 1976: The Circle of Revenge (دائرة الانتقام), Egyptian Movie directed by Samir Seif, Starring Nour El-Sherif
  • 1975: The Count of Monte Cristo, starring Richard Chamberlain, directed by David Greene
  • 1977: The Great Vendetta (大報復), Hong Kong television serial starring Adam Cheng, in which the background of the story is changed to Southern China during the Republican Era.
  • 1979: Nihon Gankutsuou (日本巌窟王), Japanese television serial set in Edo period, starring Masao Kusakari.
  • 1979: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (1979 miniseries), French TV series starring Jacques Weber.
  • 1982: Padayottam, a Malayalam Film adaption set in Kerala context, directed by Jijo Punnoose starring Prem Nazir, Mammootty and Mohanlal
  • 1984: La Dueña a 1984 Venezuelan telenovela with a female version of Edmond Dantès.
  • 1986: Veta, Telugu film adaptation.
  • 1988: Uznik Zamka If (litt. The Prisoner of Castle If ), Soviet miniseries starring Viktor Avilov (Count of Monte Cristo) and Aleksei Petrenko (Abbé Faria), with music and songs of Alexander Gradsky
  • Garfield and Friends episode "The Discount of Monte Cristo", a retelling of the story using the characters from U.S. Acres as the cast. Aloysius Pig, voiced by comedian Kevin Meaney, tries to cut the cost of the story, even though the characters are using their imaginations.
  • 1998: The Count of Monte Cristo, television miniseries starring Gérard Depardieu
  • 1999: Forever Mine, film starring Joseph Fiennes, Ray Liotta and Gretchen Mol, loosely but clearly based upon The Count of Monte Cristo, directed/written by Paul Schrader
  • 2002: The Count of Monte Cristo, directed by Kevin Reynolds and starring Jim Caviezel, Dagmara Domińczyk, Richard Harris and Guy Pearce
  • 2004: Gankutsuou: The Count of Monte Cristo (巌窟王 Gankutsuoo, literally The King of the Cave), Japanese animation adaptation. Produced by Gonzo, directed by Mahiro Maeda
  • 2006: Vingança, telenovela directed by Rodrigo Riccó and Paulo Rosa, SIC Portugal
  • 2006: Montecristo, Argentine telenovela starring Pablo Echarri and Paola Krum
  • 2010: Ezel, an Turkey-Turkish television series which is an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo.
  • 2011 : Un amore e una vendetta (English: Love and Vendetta) an Italian television series loosely based on the book.
  • 2011: Revenge, a television series billed as an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo.
  • 2016: Goodbye Mr. Black, a TV series loosely based on The Count of Monte Cristo"
  • 2016: Once Upon a Time's sixth season features the Count as a character, portrayed by Craig Horner. Several characters and plot elements from the story are also alluded to.[21]
  • 2016: Yago, Mexican telenovela starring Iván Sánchez and Gabriela de la Garza.
  • 2018: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (2018 TV series), Japanese TV series starring Dean Fujioka.
  • 2018: Wes, a Sri Lankan-Sinhala television series which is an adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo and an influence of Ezel television series.
  • TBA: David S. Goyer will direct a film adaptation of The Count of Monte Cristo.[22]

Literary adaptations

  • 1956: The Stars My Destination, Alfred Bester
  • 2000: The Stars' Tennis Balls, Stephen Fry
  • 2008: A Prisoner of Birth, Jeffrey Archer
  • 2008: Master, an erotic version, Colette Gale
  • 2008: Airman, Eoin Colfer
  • 2010: Getting Revenge on Lauren Wood, A YA novel by Eileen Cook, which deals with popularity and bullying.
  • 2018: AA & JJ

Sequels (books)

  • 1853: A Mão do finado, Alfredo Hogan
  • 1881: The Son of Monte Cristo, Jules Lermina (1839–1915). This novel was divided in the English translation into two books: The Wife of Monte Cristo and The Son of Monte Cristo). Both were published in English in New York, 1884, translated by Jacob Arbabanell (1852–1922). Lermina also penned Le Trésor de Monte-Cristo [The Treasure of Monte-Cristo] (1885)
  • 1884: Edmond Dantès: The Sequel to Alexander Dumas' Celebrated Novel The Count of Monte Cristo, Edmund Flagg (1815–1890). Published in English by T.B.Peterson and Bros. in 1886 (no translator credited).
  • 1884: Monte-Cristo's Daughter sequel to Alexander Dumas' great novel, the "Count of Monte-Cristo," and Conclusion of "Edmond Dantès", Edmund Flagg. Published in English by T.B.Peterson and Bros. in 1886 (no translator credited).
  • 1869: The Countess of Monte Cristo, Jean Charles Du Boys (1836-1873). Published in English by T.B.Peterson and Bros. in 1871 (no translator credited).
  • 1887: Monte Cristo and his wife, presumably by Jacob Ralph Abarbanell
  • 1902: Countess of Monte Cristo, by Abarbanell

Plays and musicals scripts

Alexandre Dumas and Auguste Maquet wrote a set of four plays that collectively told the story of The Count of Monte Cristo: Monte Cristo Part I (1848); Monte Cristo Part II (1848); Le Comte de Morcerf (1851) and Villefort (1851). The first two plays were first performed at Dumas' own Théâtre Historique in February 1848, with the performance spread over two nights, each with a long duration (the first evening ran from 18:00 until 00:00). The play was also unsuccessfully performed at Drury Lane in London later that year where rioting erupted in protest at French companies performing in England.

The adaptation differs from the novel in many respects: several characters, such as Luigi Vampa, are excluded; Whereas the novel includes many different plot threads that are brought together at the conclusion, the third and fourth plays deal only with the fate of Mondego and Villefort respectively (Danglars fate is not featured at all); the play is the first to feature Dantès shouting "the world is mine!", an iconic line that would be used in many future adaptations.

Two English adaptations of the novel were published in 1868. The first, by Hailes Lacy, differs only slightly from Dumas' version with the main change being that Fernand Mondego is killed in a duel with the Count rather than committing suicide. Much more radical was the version by Charles Fechter, a notable French-Anglo actor. The play faithfully follows the first part of the novel, omits the Rome section and makes several sweeping changes to the third part, among the most significant being that Albert is actually the son of Dantès. The fates of the three main antagonists are also altered: Villefort, whose fate is dealt with quite early on in the play, kills himself after being foiled by The Count trying to kill Noirtier (Villefort's half brother in this version); Mondego kills himself after being confronted by Mercedes; Danglars is killed by The Count in a duel. The ending sees Dantès and Mercedes reunited and the character of Haydee is not featured at all. The play was first performed at the Adelphi in London in October 1868. The original duration was five hours, resulting in Fechter abridging the play, which, despite negative reviews, had a respectable sixteen-week run. Fechter moved to the United States in 1869 and Monte Cristo was chosen for the inaugural play at the opening of the Globe Theatre, Boston in 1870. Fechter last performed the role in 1878. In 1883 John Stetson, manager of the Booth Theatre and The Globe Theatre, wanted to revive the play and asked James O'Neill to perform the lead role. O'Neill, who had never seen Fechter perform, made the role his own and the play became a commercial, if not an artistic success. O'Neill made several abridgements to the play and eventually bought it from Stetson. A motion picture based on Fechter's play, with O'Neill in the title role, was released in 1913 but was not a huge success. O'Neill died in 1920, two years before a more successful motion picture, produced by Fox and partially based on Fechter's version, was released.

The Count of Monte Cristo is a musical based on the novel, with influences from the 2002 film adaptation of the book. The music is written by Frank Wildhorn and the lyrics and book are by Jack Murphy. It debuted in Switzerland in 2009.[23]

Audio adaptations

  • 1938: The Mercury Theatre on the Air with Orson Welles (Dantés), Ray Collins (Abbé Faria), George Coulouris (Monsieur Morrel), Edgar Barrier (de Villefort), Eustace Wyatt (Caderousse), Paul Stewart (Paul Dantés) Sidney Smith (Mondego), Richard Wilson (the Officer), Virginia Welles (Mercédès); radio broadcast August 29, 1938.[24]:345
  • 1939: The Campbell Playhouse with Orson Welles (Dantés), Ray Collins (Caderousse), Everett Sloane (Abbé Faria), Frank Readick (Villefort), George Coulouris (Danglars), Edgar Barrier (Mondego), Richard Wilson (a Jailer), Agnes Moorehead (Mercédès); radio broadcast October 1, 1939.[24]:354
  • 1939: Robert Montgomery on the Lux Radio Theater (radio)
  • 1947–52: The Count of Monte Cristo radio program starring Carleton Young
  • 1960s: Paul Daneman for Tale Spinners For Children series (LP) UAC 11044
  • 1961: Louis Jourdan for Caedmon Records (LP)
  • 1964: Per Edström director (radio series in Sweden)[25]
  • 1987: Andrew Sachs on BBC Radio 4 (later BBC Radio 7 and BBC Radio 4 Extra)
  • 1989: Richard Matthews for Penguin Random House (.mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}ISBN 978-141-591-221-8)
  • 2005: John Lee for Blackstone Audio
  • 2010: Bill Homewood for Naxos Audiobooks (ISBN 978-962-634-134-6)
  • 2012: Iain Glen on BBC Radio 4 written by Sebastian Baczkiewicz and directed by Jeremy Mortimer and Sasha Yevtushenko, with Richard Johnson as Faria, Jane Lapotaire as the aged Haydee, Toby Jones as Danglars, Zubin Varla as Fernand, Paul Rhys as Villefort and Josette Simon as Mercedes.[26]
  • 2017:The Count of Monte Cristo musical adaption by Berry & Butler[27]

Video games

  • 1996: Jīdū Shān En Chóu Jì – Le Comte de Monte-Cristo (基督山恩仇記), a Chinese-language Nintendo Famicom game produced by Waixing Computer Science & Technology
  • 2014: Count of Monte-Cristo phone app (in English and Romanian). A puzzle game that comes with a level editor.
  • 2016: In Fate/Grand Order, Edmond Dantès was available for summoning as an Avenger-class servant. Type-Moon also produced an accompanying drama CD about Monte Cristo and various people from his past including Haydée and Abbe Faria.

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