The Birth-Mark


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  • Fetterley, Judith (1991), "Women Beware Science: "The Birthmark"", in Frank, Albert J. von, Critical Essays on Hawthorne's Short Stories, Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., pp. 164–173.
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  • Heilman, Robert B. (1987), "Hawthorne's "The Birthmark": Science as Religion", in James McIntosh, Nathaniel Hawthorne's Tales, New York: Norton, pp. 421–427.
  • Pandya, Evan Lang (2002), "Hawthorne and Walter Benjamin's Gestures of Memory", in Lloyd, Jeffrey Williams, Hawthorne in Context, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, pp. 133–156.
  • Quinn, Arthur Hobson (1998), Edgar Allan Poe: A Critical Biography, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 0-8018-5730-9.
  • Wineapple, Brenda (2001), "Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864: A Brief Biography", in Larry J. Reynolds, A Historical Guide to Nathaniel Hawthorne, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 13–45, ISBN 0-19-512414-6.
  • Wright, Sarah Bird (2007), Critical Companion to Nathaniel Hawthorne: A Literary Reference to His Life and Work, New York: Facts on File.
  • Yellin, Jean Fagan (2001), "Hawthorne and the Slavery Question", in Larry J. Reynolds, A Historical Guide to Nathaniel Hawthorne, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 135–164, ISBN 0-19-512414-6.
  • Youra, Steven (1986), ""The Fatal Hand": A Sign of Confusion in Hawthorne's "The Birth-Mark"", American Transcendental Quarterly, 60: 43–51 Rpt. in Rachelle Mucha; Thomas J. Schoenberg, eds. (2006), Short Story Criticism, 89, Detroit: Gale.

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