Introduction to Geography: People, Places, and Environment, Global Edition

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 1-29206-126-X
ISBN 13: 978-1-29206-126-9

Chapter 11 - A World of States - Review and Discussion Questions - Page 479: 2


In the twentieth century two multinational organizations were formed discourage and promote international cooperation among the nations. The first was the League of Nations which was formed to enforce the treaties that ended the first world war (WW I). and to further collective security among the nations. The second was is the United Nations. It was formed in 1945 under the leadership the US, UK and USSR. The organization started with 51 nations , now there are 193 members

Work Step by Step

The League of Nations was formed in 1920 by the Victorious Allied Powers. By 1939 it had 63 members( later some withdrew) It failed primarily because Congressional Republicans resisted President Woodrow Wilson's efforts to have the US become a member. The League of Nations dissolved officially in 1946. The United Nations recognizes 195 members but two of these,The Vatican See and Palestine, have observer and are not full members. The UN was formed to secure cooperation of all nations on matters of peace and security. The organization has 40 agencies through which it addresses many international problems. The following are the names of a few of those agencies and their responsibilities: 1.The United High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) cares for refugees all over the world. 2.The Food and Agriculture Committee promotes better agricultural practices. 3.The World Health Organization (WHO) combats disease and promotes healthy living in all countries. 4. The International Court of Justice (ICJ) hears disputes between states. 5. The International Criminal Court hears cases against persons accused of genocide and other war crimes. 6. The International Atomic Energy Agency is an independent organization, but it reports to the UN. It is the agency that monitors the development of thermonuclear weapons and deals with safety issues created by nuclear plant accidents such as those that occurred in Chernobyl and Fukushima.
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