Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 8 Bonding and Molecular Structure - 8-3 Atom Formal Charges in Covalent Molecules and Ions - Review & Check for Section 8-3 - Page 298: 1



Work Step by Step

From the definition: $F.\ Charge= NVE-LPE-BE/2$ Phosphorus is in group 15 so NVE=5; All 4 oxygens are bonded to it by single bonds, so BE=8; there are no lone pairs so LPE=0 Hence the formal charge is +1.
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