Chemistry 10th Edition

Published by Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
ISBN 10: 1133610668
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-066-3

Chapter 23 - Organic Chemistry I: Formulas, Names, and Properties - Exercises - Aliphatic Hydrocarbons - Page 945: 29


The IUPAC names of the compounds are: (a) 2,2- Dimethylpentane (b) 2,3- Dimethylpentane (c) 2-Methylpropene or 2-Methylprop-1-ene (d) Cyclohexa-1,3-diene or 1,3-Cyclohexadiene

Work Step by Step

While naming the compounds, the following rules must be followed: 1. Count the number of carbon atoms in the longest chain and assign the base name with the appropriate suffix -ane or -ene. 2. Determine the position and name of the substituents or branches, if any. These are written before the base name. 3. Cyclic compounds have the prefix cyclo- in their names. 4. If the compound has more than one double bond, assign position numbers to the bonds and mention them while naming the compound.
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