Chemistry 10th Edition

Published by Brooks/Cole Publishing Co.
ISBN 10: 1133610668
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-066-3

Chapter 10 - Reactions in Aqueous Solutions I: Acids, Bases, and Salts - Exercises - The Arrhenius Theory - Page 367: 1

Answer

(a) A strong electrolyte is a compound that completely or almost completely ionizes/dissociates in a solution. For example $NaCl$ is a strong electrolyte, because it completely dissociates in water. (b) A weak electrolyte does not completely ionizes/dissociates in a solution. Example: $AgCl$ in water. (c) A nonelectrolyte does not have a ionized form in solution, which means that the molecules does not separate into ions in solution. Example: $C_6H_{12}O_6$ (d) A strong acid is a strong electrolyte that produces $H^+$ ions in water. Example: $HCl$ (e) A strong base is a strong electrolyte that produces $OH^-$ ions in water. Example: $NaOH$. (f) A weak acid is an acid (produces $H^+$) that does not completely dissociate in water. Example : $CH_3COOH$ (g) A weak base is a base (produces $OH^-$) that does not completely dissociate in water. Example: $NH_3$. (h) Insoluble bases are metal hydroxides with a very low solubility. Example: $Cu(OH)_2$

Work Step by Step

You can find all these definitions and examples on section 6-1 (Page 208).
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