Life: The Science of Biology 11th Edition

Published by W. H. Freeman
ISBN 10: 1-31901-016-4
ISBN 13: 978-1-31901-016-4

Chapter 52 - Animal Behavior - 52.1 - Ethology Led to Modern Behavioral Biology - 52.1 Recap - Learning Outcomes - Page 1118: 3


A proximate cause is known as an event which is directly responsible for causing a certain observed result. This cause exists in contrast to a higher-level ultimate cause, which is defined as the actual reason that something has occurred. The relationship between the two terms appeals to the causation question proposed by Tinbergen.

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