Biology 2010 Student Edition

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 9780133669510
ISBN 13: 978-0-13366-951-0

Chapter 12, DNA - Assessment - 13.2 Ribosomes and Protein Synthesis - Understand Key Concepts/Think Critically - Page 386: 11



Work Step by Step

Option a. is incorrect. Transcription is the process by which a strand of mRNA is made from a DNA template. Option b. is incorrect. Transformation is the process by which a bacterium takes up a piece of DNA from its environment and incorporates it into its own genome. Option d. is incorrect. Molecular biology is the branch of biology that studies molecules such as nucleic acids and proteins that are essential to the function of cells and organisms. Option c. is correct. Translation is the process by which a protein or polypeptide is made from an mRNA template at the ribosome.
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