Work Step by Step
Option a. is incorrect. Translation is the process by which the mRNA template is used to assemble proteins. Option c. is incorrect. Transformation is the process by which bacteria take up foreign DNA and incorporate the DNA into their genomes; these foreign pieces of DNA can be transferred to their offspring. Option d. is incorrect. Replication is the process by which DNA is copied. Option b. is correct. Transcription is the process by which RNA is synthesized using a DNA template.