The cranial bones include the parietal, temporal, frontal, occipital, sphenoid, and ethmoid bone. The facial bones include the mandible, vomer, maxillae, zygomatic, nasals, lacrimals, palatines, and inferior conchae. Cranial bones provide sites for the attachment of muscles and tendons, enclose and protect the brain. The facial bones form the framework of the face, hold eyes in position, provide cavities for organs of taste and smell, secure the teeth, and anchor facial muscles.
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The facial bones are the bones in the face and the cranial bones are the bones on the top of the head and sides.