Human Anatomy & Physiology (9th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321743261
ISBN 13: 978-0-32174-326-8

Chapter 14 - The Autonomic Nervous System - Review Questions - Critical Thinking and Clinical Application Questions - Page 543: 3


Tiffany might have been given one of many antidepressants that have anticholinergic side effects. Some of these antidepressants are Elavil, Mellaril, Thorazine, Paxil and Norpramin and Clorazil. Some of the many anticholinergic side effects of these antidepressants include the following: decreased salivation, decreased sweating, blurred vision, urinary difficulty, ; in addition, heart rate may increase, GI motility my decrease ; the ability to concentrate may be impaired and one may get confused more easily.

Work Step by Step

Elavil (amytriptyline), Paxil (paroxetine), Thorazine (chlorpromazine), and Chlorazil (clozapine) are some commonly used antidepressant drugs. These drugs have both central and peripheral anticholinergic side effects. They oppose acetylcholine action in the central and peripheral nervous systems by binding to ACH receptors . Common early side effects of these antidepressants are dry mouth, decreased sweating, increased body temperature, mental confusion, impaired concentration, blurred vision, difficult urination, impaired muscular coordination, and some memory loss.
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