Algebra 2 (1st Edition)

Published by McDougal Littell
ISBN 10: 0618595414
ISBN 13: 978-0-61859-541-9

Chapter 12 Sequences and Series - 12.4 Find Sums of Infinite Geometric Series - 12.4 Exercises - Skill Practice - Page 824: 34


$a_n= \dfrac{15}{2} (-\dfrac{1}{2})^{n-1}$ and $a_n= \dfrac{5}{2} (\dfrac{1}{2})^{n-1}$

Work Step by Step

Here, we have $a_n= a_1 r^{n-1}$ for the Geometric series. The sum of an infinite Geometric Series can be found as: $S_n=\dfrac{a_1}{1-r}$ Given : $S_n=\dfrac{a_1}{1-r}=5$ This implies that $a_1=5(1-r)=5-5r$ Plugging in $r=\dfrac{1}{2}$, we have $a_1=5-5(0.5)=\dfrac{5}{2}$ Now, plugging in $r=-\dfrac{1}{2}$, we have $a_1=5-5(-0.5)=\dfrac{15}{2}$ Thus, we have, $a_n= \dfrac{15}{2} (-\dfrac{1}{2})^{n-1}$ and $a_n= \dfrac{5}{2} (\dfrac{1}{2})^{n-1}$
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