In 1914 American modernist composer Charles Ives created the Robert Browning Overture, a dense and darkly dramatic piece with gloomy overtones reminiscent of the Second Viennese School.
In 1930 the story of Browning and his wife was made into the play The Barretts of Wimpole Street, by Rudolph Besier. It was a success and brought popular fame to the couple in the United States. The role of Elizabeth became a signature role for the actress Katharine Cornell. It was twice adapted into film. It was also the basis of the stage musical Robert and Elizabeth, with music by Ron Grainer and book and lyrics by Ronald Millar.
In The Browning Version (Terence Rattigan's 1948 play or one of several film adaptations), a pupil makes a parting present to his teacher of an inscribed copy of Browning's translation of the Agamemnon.
Stephen King's The Dark Tower was chiefly inspired by Browning's Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came, whose full text was included in the final volume's appendix.
Michael Dibdin's 1986 crime novel "A Rich Full Death" features Robert Browning as one of the lead characters.
Lines from Paracelsus were recited by the character Fox Mulder at the beginning and the end of the 1996 The X-Files episode "The Field Where I Died".
Gabrielle Kimm's 2010 novel His Last Duchess is inspired by My Last Duchess.
A memorial plaque on the site of Browning's London home, in Warwick Crescent, Maida Vale, was unveiled on 11 December 1993.
Locations named for him include the following:
- Robert Browning Elementary School, Houston, Texas, USA
- Ways in areas known as "Poets' Corner":
- Browning Trail in Barrie, Ontario
- Browning Close in Royston, Hertfordshire
- Browning Street in Berkeley, California
- Browning Street in Yokine, Western Australia
- Browning Street and Robert Browning School in Walworth, London (near to his birthplace in Camberwell)
- Two culs-de-sac in Little Venice, London (Browning Close and Robert Close). (An adjacent third one, Elizabeth Close, is named after his wife.)